Self-organization and a dynamical transition in traffic-flow models.

  title={Self-organization and a dynamical transition in traffic-flow models.},
  author={Biham and Middleton and Levine},
  journal={Physical review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics},
  volume={46 10},
  • Biham, Middleton, Levine
  • Published 2 June 1992
  • Medicine, Physics
  • Physical review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
A simple model that describes traffic flow in two dimensions is studied. A sharp jamming transition is found that separates between the low-density dynamical phase in which all cars move at maximal speed and the high-density jammed phase in which they are all stopped. Self-organization effects in both phases are studied and discussed. 
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