Self-ligation esthetic brackets with low frictional resistance.

  title={Self-ligation esthetic brackets with low frictional resistance.},
  author={John Constantine Voudouris and Christos Konstantinos Schismenos and Kresimir Lackovic and Mladen M. Kuftinec},
  journal={The Angle orthodontist},
  volume={80 1},
OBJECTIVE To test the frictional resistance forces (FRS) generated between several archwires and (1) interactive self-ligating (ISL) brackets and (2) conventionally ligated (CL) brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS Frictional forces produced between three different archwire combinations and self-ligating (SL) brackets (ceramic and metal-slot or all-metal) and CL brackets (metal or ceramic) were evaluated in a dry environment. The three ISL brackets tested were In-Ovation-C, In-Ovation-R, and Damon… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 21 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS