Self-healable, tough and highly stretchable ionic nanocomposite physical hydrogels.

Abstract

We present a facile strategy to synthesize self-healable tough and highly stretchable hydrogels. Our design rationale for the creation of ionic cross-linked hydrogels is to graft an acrylic acid monomer on the surface of vinyl hybrid silica nanoparticles (VSNPs) for the growth of poly(acrylic) acid (PAA), and the obtained VSNP-PAA nanobrush can be used as a gelator. Physical cross-linking through hydrogen bonding and ferric ion-mediated ionic interactions between PAA polymer chains of the gelators yielded ionic nanocomposite physical hydrogels with excellent and balanced mechanical properties (tensile strength 860 kPa, elongation at break ∼2300%), and the ability to self-repair (tensile strength ∼560 kPa, elongation at break ∼1800%). The toughness and stretchability arise from the reversible cross-linking interactions between the polymer chains that help dissipate energy through stress (deformation) triggered dynamic processes. These unique properties will enable greater application of these hydrogel materials, especially in tissue engineering.

DOI: 10.1039/c5sm00493d

Cite this paper

@article{Zhong2015SelfhealableTA, title={Self-healable, tough and highly stretchable ionic nanocomposite physical hydrogels.}, author={Min Zhong and Xiao-ying Liu and Fu-Kuan Shi and Li-Qin Zhang and Xi-ping Wang and Andrew G. Cheetham and Honggang Cui and Xu-ming Xie}, journal={Soft matter}, year={2015}, volume={11 21}, pages={4235-41} }