Self-esteem and "if . . . then" contingencies of interpersonal acceptance.

@article{Baldwin1996SelfesteemA,
  title={Self-esteem and "if . . . then" contingencies of interpersonal acceptance.},
  author={Mark W. Baldwin and Lisa M. Sinclair},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1996},
  volume={71 6},
  pages={
          1130-41
        }
}
The degree to which an individual perceives interpersonal acceptance as being contingent on successes and failures, versus relatively unconditional, is an important factor in the social construction of self-esteem. The authors used a lexical-decision task to examine people's "if. . . then" expectancies. On each trial, participants were shown a success or failure context word and then they made a word-nonword judgment on a second letter string, which sometimes was a target word relating to… 

Tables from this paper

Self-esteem and the Dual Processing of Interpersonal Contingencies

Social cognitive research has shown that individuals with low self-esteem exhibit contingency expectations involving interpersonal acceptance and rejection (e.g., If I fail, then I will be rejected).

The Contingencies of Interpersonal Acceptance: When Romantic Relationships Function as a Self-Affirmational Resource

Existing research suggests that people with high, but not low, self-esteem use their dating partners' love and acceptance as a resource for self-affirmation when faced with personal shortcomings. The

Interpersonal Consequences of Seeking Self-Esteem

The interpersonal effects of ego threat were caused by threats in a specific domain of contingency (e.g., academics) rather than being a contingent person in general or having external or internal contingent self-worth.

Relational Schemas, Self-Esteem, and the Processing of Social Stimuli

People mentally represent complex information in the form of schemas and often interpret ambiguous information in a schema-consistent manner. The present study examined the role of relational schemas

Self-Evaluation, Persistence, and Performance Following Implicit Rejection: The Role of Trait Self-Esteem

In three studies, participants were primed with words connoting interpersonal acceptance, interpersonal rejection, or other aversive outcomes. Study 1 revealed that participants low in self-esteem

Contingencies of Self-Worth, Academic Failure, and Goal Pursuit

It is suggested that academically contingent HSE people show resilience following failure, whereas academicically contingent LSE people experience negative outcomes and disengage from the pursuit of competence self-presentation goals.

Self-esteem moderates neuroendocrine and psychological responses to interpersonal rejection.

An integrative model detailing the mechanisms by which self-esteem may influence cognitive, affective, and physiological responses to interpersonal rejection indicated that the link between low self- esteem and increased cortisol reactivity was mediated by self-blame attributions.

Self-esteem, Social Inclusionary Status, and Inhibition of Rejection

Two studies examined the activation of acceptance and rejection cognitions following inclusion and exclusion for high self-esteem (HSEs) and low self-esteem individuals (LSEs). In Study 1,

Social acceptance and self-esteem: tuning the sociometer to interpersonal value.

Self-esteem was generally more attuned to appearances than to communal qualities, but interdependent social roles predicted heightened attunement of self-esteem to qualities like kindness and understanding.

Representations of significant others and the activation of interpersonal scripts

It is a general assumption in psychology that past social relationships and experiences influence present social behaviour. With attachment theory and current social-cognitive theory as conceptual
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES

Gender and self-esteem.

Three experiments explored the idea that men's and women's SE arise, in part, from different sources--separation and independence for men and connection and interdependence for women and their implications for the structure and dynamics of the self.

The thrill of victory, the complexity of defeat: self-esteem and people's emotional reactions to success and failure.

2 investigations that found that self-esteem differences of this sort emerge for emotions that directly implicate the self but not for emotions not directly implicating the self, which is relevant for understanding the nature and functions of self- esteem.

Salient Private Audiences and Awareness of the Self

University of Waterloo , Ontario CanadaWe used self-awareness and cognitive priming methodologies to test the hypothesis that importantaspects of the experience of self derive from the way one would

Self-esteem regulation in an emotional priming task

Abstract The details are presented of a new Emotional Priming task which can be used to investigate the processing of emotion-related material. In the version of the task described, the names of

On the automatic activation of attitudes.

The results indicated that attitudes can be automatically activated and that the strength of the object-evaluation association determines the likelihood of such automatic activation.

An Exploration of the Relational Schemata Underlying Attachment Styles: Self-Report and Lexical Decision Approaches

It is proposed that the cognitive mechanisms underlying attachment styles are expectations about interaction with significant others. Two studies are described that assessed these relational

A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure.

A theory was proposed to reconcile paradoxical findings on the invariance of personality and the variability of behavior across situations to account for individual differences in predictable patterns of variability across situations.

Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem.

This article examines the measurement of short-lived (i.e., state) changes in self-esteem. A new scale is introduced that is sensitive to manipulations designed to temporarily alter self-esteem, and
...