Self-esteem, social participation, and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis

  title={Self-esteem, social participation, and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis},
  author={Pavol Mikula and Iveta Nagyova and Martina Krokavcova and Marianna Vitkov{\'a} and Jaroslav Rosenberger and Jarmila Szilasiov{\'a} and Zuzana Gdovinov{\'a} and Roy E. Stewart and Johan Groothoff and Jitse P. van Dijk},
  journal={Journal of Health Psychology},
  pages={984 - 992}
The aim of this study is to explore whether self-esteem and social participation are associated with the physical and mental quality of life (Physical Component Summary, Mental Component Summary) and whether self-esteem can mediate the association between these variables. We collected information from 118 consecutive multiple sclerosis patients. Age, gender, disease duration, disability status, and participation were significant predictors of Physical Component Summary, explaining 55.4 percent… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Sexual functioning in patients with multiple sclerosis and its association with social support and self-esteem

The findings support the biopsychosocial model of treatment of sexual dysfunction in MS patients and suggest that self-esteem was associated with sexual functioning more strongly compared to social support and sexual functioning, even though both of these variables were associated withSexual functioning as well.

How Social Participation Benefits the Chronically Ill: Self-Management as a Mediating Pathway

  • S. Ang
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of aging and health
  • 2018
Results show that self-management fully mediated the positive effect of informal social participation on health-related quality of life, and reiterate the primacy of family and friends for older adults, but highlight that a better understanding of formal engagement with the low-income population is still needed.

Health-related quality of life in multiple sclerosis: Links to mental health, self-esteem, and self- compassion

The effects of MS and disability may not be avoidable, but self-related traits including self-esteem and selfcompassion can be modified through psychosocial interventions to improve HRQoL.

Effect of Spiritual Care on Death Anxiety and Self-esteem in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Since spiritual care intervention in patients with MS reduced their death anxiety and increased their self-esteem, this simple and low-cost care program can be recommended for those suffering from this disease.

Investigating the Relationship between Self-Compassion with Psychological Well-Being in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS): The Mediating Role of Social Loneliness

Background & aim: Loneliness is a common experience in people with MS that is associated with significant psychological consequences. Therefore, it is important to check the psycho-social status of

Quality of life in adults with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review

Disability, fatigue, depression, cognitive impairment and unemployment were consistently identified as QoL risk factors, whereas higher self-esteem, self-efficacy, resilience and social support proved to be protective.

Relationship between sensory processing patterns, trait anxiety, and health-related quality of life in multiple sclerosis

Sensory processing patterns were significantly associated with trait anxiety and health-related quality of life in persons with multiple sclerosis considering trait anxiety as a potential mediator.



Social participation and health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis.

Self-Esteem and Its Relationship to Mental Health and Quality of Life in Adults with Cystic Fibrosis

Comparably high levels of self-esteem were found, but HRQoL was lower than previous research, and CFQ-R emotional functioning and self- esteem were significant predictors of mental health symptoms.

Self-rated health and employment status in patients with multiple sclerosis

Patients with MS with good self-rated health are more likely to be employed, even after adjusting for age, gender, education, functional disability, disease duration, depression and anxiety.

Self-efficacy and self-esteem as predictors of participation in spinal cord injury—an ICF-based study

Considering self-efficacy and self-esteem within the comprehensive framework of the ICF can contribute to a better understanding of functioning, disability and health in SCI, which in turn may facilitate the development of interventions to support the persons’ adjustment and reintegration.

Possible antecedents and consequences of self-esteem in persons with multiple sclerosis: preliminary evidence from a cross-sectional analysis.

Social support is a potentially modifiable variable that may be important to target when designing interventions to improve self-esteem and this might have implications for improving physical and psychological HRQOL in persons with MS.

Pathways between physical activity and quality of life in adults with multiple sclerosis.

  • R. MotlE. McAuley
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2009
The observed pattern of relationships supports the possibility that physical activity is indirectly associated with improved QOL through pathways that include fatigue, pain, social support, and self-efficacy in individuals with MS.

Self-esteem and women with disabilities.

Exercise and quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis: looking beyond physical functioning to mental health and participation in life.

An exploratory study examining the relationships between the personal, environmental and activity participation variables and quality of life among young adults with disabilities

Findings provide evidence that young adults with disabilities have a very complex interaction of their activity participation, social membership, community connectedness, life satisfaction, suggesting that their context of QoL is shaped by how they make sense not only with their functional status, but also the social and community environment.

Effects of an exercise programme on self-esteem, self-concept and quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial

The results highlight the need for a broader array of physical and mental outcomes and the importance of examining patient’s perceptions in future research therapies.