Self-esteem, construal, and comparisons with the self, friends, and peers.

@article{Suls2002SelfesteemCA,
  title={Self-esteem, construal, and comparisons with the self, friends, and peers.},
  author={Jerry Suls and Katherine Lemos and H Lockett Stewart},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={82 2},
  pages={252-61}
}
Extending the better than average effect, 3 studies examined self-, friend, and peer comparisons of personal attributes. Participants rated themselves as better off than friends, who they rated as superior to generalized peers. The exception was in direct comparisons, where the self and friends were not strongly differentiated on unambiguous negative attributes. Self-esteem and construal played moderating roles, with persons with high self-esteem (HSEs) exploiting both ambiguous positive and… CONTINUE READING

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