Self-efficacy as a moderator of the planning–behaviour relationship in interventions designed to promote physical activity

  title={Self-efficacy as a moderator of the planning–behaviour relationship in interventions designed to promote physical activity},
  author={Aleksandra Luszczynska and Ralf Schwarzer and Sonia Lippke and Magda Mazurkiewicz},
  journal={Psychology \& Health},
  pages={151 - 166}
Individuals who lack perceived self-efficacy may benefit less from planning interventions because they fail to apply their plans when encountering situations that appear challenging. Thus, self-efficacy may operate as a moderator in relation to the effects of planning interventions on behaviour. This article reports from two experimental studies using cluster randomisation. Study 1 included 58 patients with diabetes who received a face-to-face action planning intervention to improve their… 

Self-Efficacy and Planning as Predictors of Physical Activity in the Context of Workplace Health Promotion.

Cross-lagged interrelations indicated reciprocal reactivation among self-efficacy and planning over time, suggesting beneficial effects of including strategies that foster both volitional constructs in interventions.

Habits and self-efficacy moderate the effects of intentions and planning on physical activity.

Higher-than-usual intention may only be required in the presence of low activity habits, and high self-efficacy seems to be required to translate higher- than-usual action planning into augmented physical activity becauseSelf-efficacious individuals may invest more efforts to enact their plans.

Self-Efficacy, Planning, or a Combination of Both? A Longitudinal Experimental Study Comparing Effects of Three Interventions on Adolescents’ Body Fat

No superiority of an intervention targeting two social cognitive variables over the intervention targeting one cognition only was found, and a lower increase of body fat was found among intervention group participants who had access to newly-built MVPA facilities.

Plans Not Needed if You Have High and Stable Self-Efficacy: Planning Intervention and Snack Intake in the Context of Self-Efficacy Trajectories

The results suggest that an increase of efficacy beliefs over time augmented the effects of the planning intervention and resulted in the lowest snack intake (the enhancing effect of self-efficacy), which prompted lower unhealthy snacking if efficacy beliefs were decreasing.

Effects of a Planning Intervention on Physical Activity Behavior in an RCT: Intention Strength as Moderator and Action Planning, Coping Planning, and Coping Self-Efficacy as Mediators

Planning is an effective strategy to translate intentions into behavior, and planning interventions can facilitate behavior change. The present study aimed to examine when and how a planning

Self-efficacy, planning and action control in an oral self-care intervention.

The self-regulation intervention improved levels of oral self-care, dental planning and action control and moderated mediation model with planning as the mediator between experimental conditions and dental outcome elucidated the mechanism of change.

Linking Exercise Intention to Exercise Action: The Moderating Role of Self-Efficacy

As physical exercise benefits both physical and psychological health of college students, it is important to promote the habit of physical exercise among them. This study adopted the Health Action

The role of action and coping planning in the relationship between intention and physical activity: A moderated mediation analysis

Evidence is provided for the distinct role of both forms of planning in the mediation of intention into physical activity (PA) behaviour via action planning and the level of coping planning.

Why and for Whom May Coping Planning Have Adverse Effects? A Moderated Mediation Analysis.

Coping planning may decrease motivation for health behavior maintenance for persons who experienced few barriers prior to the planning intervention, and prior perceived difficulty moderated the coping planning intervention effects on maintenance via intention.

Physical activity interventions differentially affect exercise task and barrier self-efficacy: a meta-analysis.

Interventions designed to increase physical activity differentially influenced EXSE and BSE, and EXSE appeared to play a more significant role during exercise adoption, whereas BSE was involved in the maintenance of exercise behavior.



Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans.

For plans to mediate the intention-behavior relation, people must hold sufficiently high levels of self-efficacy: if they lack self- efficacy, planning may be in vain.

Planning and Self-Efficacy in the Adoption and Maintenance of Breast Self-Examination: A Longitudinal Study on Self-Regulatory Cognitions

Many women may be reluctant to perform breast self-examination (B.S.E.) regularly due to motivational or self-regulatory deficits. The Health Action Process Approach (Schwarzer, R. (1992).

From health beliefs to self-regulation: Theoretical advances in the psychology of action control

Abstract The paper reviews the theoretical concepts included in a range of social cognitive models which have identified psychological antecedents of individual motivation and behaviour. Areas of

Predicting changes in physical activity among adolescents: the role of self-efficacy, intention, action planning and coping planning.

Results suggest that the combination of high levels of action planning and coping planning is associated with increases in PA, and implications for theory of behaviour change in adolescents are discussed.

The Specificity of Self-Efficacy over the Course of a Progressive Exercise Programme

Regular physical exercise is an important health-promoting behaviour. Self-efficacy has been demonstrated to be a robust predictor of health behaviour in general and physical activity in particular.

Towards a theory of intentional behaviour change: plans, planning, and self-regulation.

  • F. Sniehotta
  • Business
    British journal of health psychology
  • 2009
Further progress in theorizing can be achieved by disentangling planning constructs to study their independent and joint effects on behaviour, and progressing research on moderators and mediators of planning effects outside the laboratory.

The Theory of Planned Behavior and Exercise: Evidence for the Mediating and Moderating Roles of Planning on Intention-Behavior Relationships

Two studies on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and exercise behavior are reported that consider the mediating and moderating effects of planning on intention-behavior relationships.

Improving fruit and vegetable consumption: a self-efficacy intervention compared with a combined self-efficacy and planning intervention.

In both intervention groups, change in respective cognitions predicted change in fruit and vegetable consumption, and Parsimonious interventions might contribute to health behavior change.

Self‐Efficacy and Planning Predict Dietary Behaviors in Costa Rican and South Korean Women: Two Moderated Mediation Analyses

Dietary planning is supposed to mediate between intentions and dietary behaviors. However, if a person lacks self-efficacy, this mediation might fail. A cross-sectional study in Costa Rica and a

Understanding and Changing Health Behaviour: From Health Beliefs to Self-Regulation

This chapter discusses using the Theory of Reasoned Action to Predict Condom Use Among High-risk Heterosexual Teens, and relationships among the theory of Planned Behaviour and the Health Belief Model.