Self-efficacy and smoking cessation: a meta-analysis.

  title={Self-efficacy and smoking cessation: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Chad J. Gwaltney and Jane Metrik and Christopher W Kahler and Saul Shiffman},
  journal={Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors},
  volume={23 1},
According to relapse models, self-efficacy (SE), or confidence in one's ability to abstain, should predict the outcome of an attempt to quit smoking. We reviewed 54 studies that prospectively examined this relationship. The relationship between SE and future smoking depended upon the population studied and the timing of the SE assessment. The relationship between SE and future smoking was modest when SE was assessed prior to a quit attempt; SE scores were .21 standard deviation units (SD… CONTINUE READING