Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.

@article{Bandura1977SelfefficacyTA,
  title={Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.},
  author={Albert Bandura},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1977},
  volume={84 2},
  pages={
          191-215
        }
}
  • A. Bandura
  • Published 1977
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of self-efficacy. It is hypothesized that expectations of personal efficacy determine whether coping behavior will be initiated, how much effort will be expended, and how long it will be sustained in the face of obstacles and aversive… Expand

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In this report extrapolations were made to behavior therapy from two related lines of social-psychological research: attribution and self-perception, suggesting that an individual's perception of himself may have a marked influence on behavior change and the maintenance of that change. Expand
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How behavior is viewed determines which facets of human functioning are studied most thoroughly and which are ignored or disavowed. Conceptions thus delimit research and are, in turn, shaped byExpand
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