Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change☆☆☆

  title={Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change☆☆☆},
  author={A. Bandura},
  journal={Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy},
  • A. Bandura
  • Published 1978
  • Psychology
  • Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy

March 1977 Number 3 Cognitive Processes Mediating Behavioral Change

The present experiment was designed to test the theory that psychological procedures achieve changes in behavior by altering the level and strength of self-efficacy. In this formulation, perceived

Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency.

This article addresses the centrality of the self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. Self-per- cepts of efficacy influence thought patterns, actions, and emotional arousal. In causal tests the

Tests of the generality of self-efficacy theory

The present set of studies tested the explanatory and predictive generality of self-efficacy theory across additional treatment modalities and behavioral domains. Microanalysis of changes

The Malleable Efficacy of Willpower Theories

Findings point to the malleable efficacy of willpower theories and the importance of belief confidence in dictating this malleability and in modulating subsequent self-control behavior.

Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change

This article reports the findings of two experimental tests of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. The first study investigated the hypothesis that systematic desensitization effects changes

A Behavior-Analytic Critique of Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Theory

A behavior-analytic critique of self-efficacy theory is presented and points to environmental variables that could account for those relationships and that could be manipulated in the interest of developing more effective treatment procedures.

Cognitive mediators of stressful experience: Self-efficacy and perceived control

  • M. Litt
  • Psychology
    Cognitive Therapy and Research
  • 2005
Cognitive strategies for the amelioration of stressful experience have drawn increasing interest in recent years, but the means by which these strategies result in decreasing aversiveness are not


The concept of self-efficacy, introduced by Albert Bandura, has received a lot of attention in psychological research. This comes as no surprise, as it encompasses a person's beliefs about his or her

Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Attitudes Toward Evidence-based Practice in Psychology

As a result of a fierce debate about the most important factors of effective therapy, the American Psychological Association (APA) defined Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology (EBPP) as “an approach


. In the research of psychologists, much attention is paid to the study of the potential conditions that determine the success of professional activity and social interaction. Own idea of one’s own



Cognitive processes mediating behavioral change.

Self-efficacy was a uniformly accurate predictor of performance on tasks of varying difficulty with different threats regardless of whether the changes in self- efficacy were produced through enactive mastery or by vicarious experience alone.

The role of attribution and self-perception in behavior change: implications for behavior therapy.

In this report extrapolations were made to behavior therapy from two related lines of social-psychological research: attribution and self-perception, suggesting that an individual's perception of himself may have a marked influence on behavior change and the maintenance of that change.

Self-Reinforcement: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations

How behavior is viewed determines which facets of human functioning are studied most thoroughly and which are ignored or disavowed. Conceptions thus delimit research and are, in turn, shaped by

Generalizing change through participant modeling with self-directed mastery.

Self-Perception Theory

Principles of behavior modification

ions as internal properties of clients rather than as hypothetical constructs of therapists has resulted in considerable confusion about the types of changes effected by different approaches to the

Efficacy of participant modeling as a function of response induction aids.

Experimental findings indicated that generalized changes are best achieved by using aided participant modeling to restore inhibited behavior followed by self-directed practice to extinguish residual fears and to reinforce personal mastery.

The role of information in attenuating behavioral responses to stress: a reinterpretation of the misattribution phenomenon.

The results are interpreted as indicating that the results of misattribution studies are best explained in terms of the presentation of arousal information in a plausible context.

Two-process learning theory: Relationships between Pavlovian conditioning and instrumental learning.

The evidence from interaction studies shows the strong mediating control of instrumental responses by Pavlovian conditioning procedures, and demonstrates the surprising power of Pavlosian concepts in predicting the outcomes of many kinds of interaction experiments.