Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health.

  title={Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health.},
  author={Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Canadian Psychology},
Self-determination theory (SDT) is an empirically based theory of human motivation, development, and wellness. The theory focuses on types, rather than just amount, of motivation, paying particular attention to autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and amotivation as predictors of performance, relational, and well-being outcomes. It also addresses the social conditions that enhance versus diminish these types of motivation, proposing and finding that the degrees to which basic… Expand
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Self-determination theory (SDT) differentiates motivation, with autonomous and controlled motivations constituting the key, broad distinction. Research has shown that autonomous motivation predictsExpand
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The application of self-determination theory (SDT) to psychotherapy is particularly relevant because a central task of therapy is to support the client to autonomously explore, identify, initiate,Expand
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Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior
  • E. Deci, R. Ryan
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Perspectives in Social Psychology
  • 1985
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