Self-control in action: implicit dispositions toward goals and away from temptations.

@article{Fishbach2006SelfcontrolIA,
  title={Self-control in action: implicit dispositions toward goals and away from temptations.},
  author={Ayelet Fishbach and James Y. Shah},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2006},
  volume={90 5},
  pages={
          820-32
        }
}
  • A. FishbachJ. Shah
  • Published 1 May 2006
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Five studies examined whether, in self-control dilemmas, individuals develop an implicit disposition to approach goals and avoid temptations, psychologically as well as physically. Using a method developed by A. K. Solarz (1960; see also K. L. Duckworth, J. A. Bargh, M. Garcia, & S. Chaiken, 2002), the authors assessed the time for pulling and pushing a lever in response to goal- and temptation-related stimuli (e.g., studying and partying). The results show that individuals offset the influence… 

Figures from this paper

Saying "no" to temptation: Want-to motivation improves self-regulation by reducing temptation rather than by increasing self-control.

Want-to motivation results in decreased impulsive attraction to goal-disruptive temptations and is related to encountering fewer obstacles in the process of goal pursuit, which explains why want-to goals are more likely to be attained.

Taking Control: An Integrated Model of Dispositional Self-Control and Measure

This paper presents a theoretical model of self-control as a dynamic process. In situations demanding self-control, the individual experiences one of two types of temptations: Impulsiveness or

Tricky treats: How and when temptations boost self-control

The overall aim of this dissertation was to explore how and when temptations boost self-control. More specifically, we aimed to a) replicate and extend previous findings showing that temptations

Asymmetric Effects of Counteractive Control the Strategies of Self Control Changing the Choice Situation

A chapter to appear in " self control in brain mind and society " , R. 2 People rarely desire one thing at a time. Rather, the process of goal pursuit involves constantly prioritizing the many goals

True to which self? Lay rationalism and decision satisfaction in self-control conflicts.

It is suggested that the subjective utility of restraint is contingent upon individual differences in reliance on reason versus feelings in decision making and discussed theoretical implications for research on self-control, lay rationalism and authenticity.

Know Your Preferences: Self-Regulation as Need-Congruent Goal Selection

Theory and research on self-regulation is dominated by a social–cognitive perspective that places an emphasis on postdecisional (i.e., volitional) control processes of goal-maintenance in response to

The Selfish Goal: autonomously operating motivational structures as the proximate cause of human judgment and behavior.

It is argued that a person's behaviors are indirectly selected at the goal level but expressed (and comprehended) at the individual level, and the existence of unconscious goal processes capable of guiding behavior in the absence of conscious awareness and control is predicted.

Self-control conflict in the eating domain : A cognitive, affective, and behavioral perspective

Sometimes we are tempted to do one thing (e.g., order the burger) but know we should do another (e.g., choose a healthier alternative). Such self-control conflicts, moments in which an impulse and a

Self-control motivationally reconsidered: “Acting” self-controlled is different to “being good” at self-control

Self-control is typically conceptualized as an inherent human skill, focusing on the imperative control of thoughts, feelings, and behavior. In the present research, we scrutinize this understanding

Approach, avoidance, and affect: a meta-analysis of approach-avoidance tendencies in manual reaction time tasks

A meta-analysis of 29 studies included for their use of strongly positive and negative stimuli is presented to examine the automaticity of the link between affective information processing and approach and avoidance, and to test whether it depends on instruction, type of approach-avoidance task, and stimulus type.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 76 REFERENCES

Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?

The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource.

Regulatory fit and resisting temptation during goal pursuit.

Abstract Because avoiding obstacles to goal attainment is a favored means of prevention-focused self-regulation, the authors proposed that resisting tempting diversions from task completion would

Leading us not unto temptation: momentary allurements elicit overriding goal activation.

Priming by temptation stimuli was found not only to influence the activation of overriding goals but also to affect goal-congruent behavioral choices.

Liking is for doing: the effects of goal pursuit on automatic evaluation.

Findings from 3 experiments suggest that participants who were actively engaged in goal pursuit, compared with those who were not pursuing the goal, automatically evaluated goal-relevant objects as

Consequences of Automatic Evaluation: Immediate Behavioral Predispositions to Approach or Avoid the Stimulus

Research on automatic attitude activation has documented a pervasive tendency to nonconsciously classify most if not all incoming stimuli as either good or bad. Two experiments tested a functional

Self-Control for the Righteous: Toward a Theory of Precommitment to Indulgence

Prior research has examined consumers’ use of self‐control to avoid hedonic (myopic) temptations, such as overspending and smoking. In this research we investigate the opposite form of self‐control,

Out of control: Visceral influences on behavior

Abstract Understanding discrepancies between behavior and perceived self-interest has been one of the major, but largely untackled, theoretical challenges confronting decision theory from its infancy

Counteractive self-control in overcoming temptation.

The results show that short-term costs elicit self-control strategies for self rather than others, before rather than after behavior, and help people act according to their long-term interests.

Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?

The authors review evidence that self-control may consume a limited resource and conclude that the executive component of the self--in particular, inhibition--relies on a limited, consumable resource.

Handbook of motivation and cognition : foundations of social behavior

The apparent success of cognitive principles in accounting for several behaviors has led social psychologists to question the need for motivations and other "hot" dispositional constructs. In their
...