Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly.

  title={Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly.},
  author={Mark R. Leary and Eleanor B. Tate and Claire Adams and Ashley Batts Allen and Jessica Clare Hancock},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={92 5},
Five studies investigated the cognitive and emotional processes by which self-compassionate people deal with unpleasant life events. In the various studies, participants reported on negative events in their daily lives, responded to hypothetical scenarios, reacted to interpersonal feedback, rated their or others' videotaped performances in an awkward situation, and reflected on negative personal experiences. Results from Study 1 showed that self-compassion predicted emotional and cognitive… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Resisting self-compassion: Why are some people opposed to being kind to themselves?

Abstract Although self-compassion is associated with positive emotions, resilience, and well-being, some people resist recommendations to treat themselves with kindness and compassion. This study

Self-compassion and attention: self-compassion facilitates disengagement from negative stimuli

ABSTRACT Self-compassion is a healthy way of relating to the self, and helps to mitigate negative emotions during difficult experiences. Through four studies, we explored the influence of induced

Self-compassion versus global self-esteem: two different ways of relating to oneself.

It was found that self-compassion predicted more stable feelings of self-worth than self-esteem and was less contingent on particular outcomes as well as being statistically equivalent predictors of happiness, optimism, and positive affect.

Beliefs About Self-Compassion: Implications for Coping and Self-Improvement

The more people held negative beliefs about self-Compassion, the less self-compassionately they reported responding to a real-world event and hypothetical emotional challenges, and the importance of reducing such beliefs that are barriers to practicing self- Compassion, as a means to improve the way people respond to difficult times is highlighted.


Self-compassion, involving self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness, appears well-suited to soothing feelings of threat following negative events and thereby reducing depressive sequellae.

Self-compassion and Adolescents’ Positive and Negative Cognitive Reactions to Daily Life Problems

ObjectiveTo examine the relationship between self-compassion and positive and negative cognitive reactions to daily life problems in a sample of 117 adolescents aged 14–19 years.MethodParticipants

Self-compassion among psychotherapy clients is in the details of negative, not positive, emotions

ABSTRACT Self-compassion involves the capacity to accept one’s negative emotional experiences with kindness and mindful awareness, acknowledging them as part of the human condition. The present work

Moving Forward with Self-Compassion: An Examination of Self-Compassion, Social Anxiety, and Post-Event Processing

Post-event processing (PEP) refers to a negative and prolonged rumination following anxiety-inducing social situations and is posited to maintain social anxiety. Because PEP is characterized by

Self-compassion and verbal performance: Evidence for threat-buffering and implicit self-related thoughts

ABSTRACT Threats to self-esteem can impair well-being directly, e.g., via negative affect, but also indirectly, by impacting performance in valued domains. The present study examined whether

Self-Compassionate Reactions to Health Threats

It is demonstrated that self-compassion has important implications for health-promoting behaviors and reactions to illness.



Self-Compassion: An Alternative Conceptualization of a Healthy Attitude Toward Oneself

This article defines and examines the construct of self-compassion. Self-compassion entails three main components: (a) self-kindness—being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of pain

Self-compassion, Achievement Goals, and Coping with Academic Failure

Two studies examined the relationship between self-compassion, academic achievement goals, and coping with perceived academic failure among undergraduates. Self-compassion entails being kind to

Individual differences in reactivity to daily events: examining the roles of stability and level of self-esteem.

Negative and positive events had a greater impact on the self-feelings of individuals with unstable as opposed to stable self-esteem than positive events, and event qualities could account for the unstable self- esteem/greater reactivity link for negative events, but not for positive events.

Motivational and emotional aspects of the self.

  • M. Leary
  • Psychology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 2007
These motives and emotions to self-enhance, self-verify, and self-expand do not operate to maintain certain states of the self, as some have suggested, but rather to facilitate people's social interactions and relationships.

The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Self-Compassion

This article defines the construct of self-compassion and describes the development of the Self-Compassion Scale. Self-compassion entails being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of

Unconditional Self-Acceptance and Responses to Negative Feedback

Rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT; Ellis, 1995) contends that esteeming oneself—favorably or unfavorably—is illogical (implying an objective basis for evaluating global worth) and

Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self: role of self-esteem.

In 2 studies, dyadic interactions were used to assess the influence of ego threat on likability as a function of self-esteem and a mediational analysis demonstrated that decreased liking among high self- esteem participants was due to being perceived as antagonistic, and the findings could not be explained by trait levels of narcissism.

Unconditional Self-Acceptance and Psychological Health

Low self-esteem is usually considered unhealthy, but according to rational-emotive behavior therapy, any level of self-esteem reflects a dysfunctional habit of globally evaluating one's worth; it

Self-esteem : the puzzle of low self-regard

Foundations: Who Am I? J.D. Campbell, L.F. Lavallee. Low Self-Esteem S.J. Spencer, et al. The Social Motivations of People with Low Self-Esteem D.M. Tice. Self-Esteem and Self-Serving Biases in