Self- and Other-Referent Criteria of Career Success

  title={Self- and Other-Referent Criteria of Career Success},
  author={Peter A Heslin},
  journal={Journal of Career Assessment},
  pages={262 - 286}
  • Peter A Heslin
  • Published 1 August 2003
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Career Assessment
Subjective career success is typically measured relative to self-referent criteria, such as a person's career goals and aspirations. Part-time MBA students were asked to evaluate their “career success to this point in time” and to be specific about how they know the extent to which their career is successful. Drawing on Festinger's social comparison theory, this study examined whether they also use other-referent criteria, such as satisfaction with their income relative to their career peers… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Conceptualizing and Evaluating Career Success
Within the vast literature on the antecedents of career success, the success criterion has generally been operationalized in a rather deficient manner. Several avenues for improving the
Does Career Success Make You Happy? The Mediating Role of Multiple Subjective Success Evaluations
We hypothesize that career success assessed as objective career achievements (income and responsibility status) has an indirect positive association with life satisfaction that is channeled through
Self-Referent and Other-Referent Career Successes, Career Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention Among Chinese Employees
Based on the social comparison theory, this research examined how self-referent and other-referent career successes predict career satisfaction and turnover intention among a sample of Chinese
Perceived Gender Discrimination and Women’s Subjective Career Success: The Moderating Role of Career Anchors
Subjective career success reflects an individual’s internal apprehension and evaluation of his or her career, across any dimensions that are perceived relevant by the individual. It has beneficial
Academic Achievement, Self-Efficacy, and Career Aspirations as the Predictors of Career Success for a First Job
Academic achievement is a variable that is used by companies in employee selection. Self-efficacy and career aspirations is seen as having an influence on career success. A discriminant analysis was
Examining the relationship between individual perceptions of control and contemporary career orientations
Purpose – Contemporary careers research suggests that individuals are more likely to be proactive about their careers when they possess an internal, rather than an external locus of control (LOC).
Exploring four generations' beliefs about career: Is “satisfied” the new “successful”?
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether four different generations (Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y) hold different beliefs about career. Career
How do objective and subjective career success interrelate over time
The present research concludes that the ‘objective success influences subjective success’ relationship is smaller than might be expected, whereas the “subjectivesuccess influences objective success” relationship is larger than might been expected.
The nomological network of self-management strategies and career success
Changes in the labour market require people to show more self-management than before if they want to succeed. The present research was conducted to analyse the nomological network of general


What it Means to Succeed: Personal Conceptions of Career Success Held by Male and Female Managers at Different Ages
This paper describes the findings of a qualitative study which analyses how managers define career success for themselves on their own terms. In exploring career success from the perspective of the
Effects of personality on executive career success in the United States and Europe.
Abstract The present study extended prior career success models by incorporating traits from the five-factor model of personality (often termed the “Big Five”) and several dimensions of extrinsic
The present study investigated the relationship of traits from the 5factor model of personality (often termed the "Big Five") and general mental ability with career success. Career success was argued
The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Career Success
Abstract This study examined the relationship between the “Big Five” personality dimensions (neuroticism, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and openness) and career success by surveying
Time Perspective in Career-Related Choices: Applications of Time-Discounting Principles
Abstract The article reports two studies applying time-discounting principles to career-related issues. The first study on 40 participants examined the influence of time delay on decisions between
Career Success: The Moderating Effect of Gender
Abstract This paper assesses a gender-specific model of career success, using human capital attributes, career options, and opportunity structural features as predictors. The model was evaluated
This study examined the degree to which demographic, human capital, motivational, organizational, and industrylregion variables predicted executive career success. Career success was assumed to
An investigation of the role of career salience in vocational behavior
Climbing the corporate ladder: do female and male executives follow the same route?
Career success, measured by organizational level and compensation, was positively related to breadth of experience and developmental assignments for both genders, but successful women were less likely than successful men to report that mentoring facilitated their advancement.