Self-Threat Magnifies the Self-Serving Bias: A Meta-Analytic Integration

  title={Self-Threat Magnifies the Self-Serving Bias: A Meta-Analytic Integration},
  author={W. Keith Campbell and Constantine Sedikides},
  journal={Review of General Psychology},
  pages={23 - 43}
Experiments testing the self-serving bias (SSB; taking credit for personal success but blaming external factors for personal failure) have used a multitude of moderators (i.e., role, task importance, outcome expectancies, self-esteem, achievement motivation, self-focused attention, task choice, perceived task difficulty, interpersonal orientation, status, affect, locus of control, gender, and task type). The present meta-analytic review established the viability and pervasiveness of the SSB and… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Paper Mentions

Compensating, Resisting, and Breaking: A Meta-Analytic Examination of Reactions to Self-Esteem Threat
The authors propose that people engage in one of three regulatory responses to threat: compensation, resistance, and breaking and conduct a meta-analysis aimed to examine how trait self-esteem affects the selection and success of selecting each regulatory response. Expand
Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Motives
People desire to maximize the positivity, and minimize the negativity, of their self- views. The tendency to exalt one's virtues and soften one's weaknesses, relative to objective criteria, manifestsExpand
Self-esteem and Self-perpetuating Effects of Threat on Contingencies of Self-worth
Three studies tested self-esteem as a moderator of the effect of self-threats on contingencies of self-worth. In Studies 1 and 2, participants recalled favorable or unfavorable experiences related toExpand
Core Self-Evaluations, Self-Leadership, and the Self-Serving Bias in Managerial Decision Making: A Laboratory Experiment
The self-leadership construct has received great attention from scholars over the last 40 years due to its capacity to influence personal effectiveness. However, despite strongly influencingExpand
Emotion and the Self-Serving Bias
The influence of specific emotions (guilt and revulsion) on the self-serving bias was investigated. Participants were recruited from an undergraduate population. There were 360 participants (132Expand
Reacting to negative self-relevant information in an interpersonal context
Using a newly developed perspective provided by cross-cultural research, the concept of face, I conducted three experiments to examine the impact self-construal, feedback source and interpersonalExpand
Social threat and cognitive load magnify self-enhancement and attenuate self-deprecation
Abstract Has self-enhancement been too heavily emphasized as a motivating factor in social comparisons? Recently, researchers have argued that some types of social-comparative judgments may differ inExpand
Reducing contingent self-worth: A defensive response to self-threats
The present studies imply that reducing contingent self-worth after self-threat is a defensive process, and show that self-affirmation attenuates the tendency for people with high self-esteem to reduce their contingencies of self- Worth following self- threat. Expand
Extraversion as a Moderator of the Efficacy of Self-Esteem Maintenance Strategies
Four experiments explored how extraversion’s connection with self-esteem may depend on specific self-enhancement strategies, and provided evidence that an increased perception of being similar to the comparison targets may partially explain extraversion's self- esteem link. Expand
The effect of result publicity on self-serving attributional bias —— a social comparison perspective
Self-serving bias suggests that people tend to attribute success to internal factors and attribute failure to external factors (Bradley, J Pers Soc Psychol 36:56–71,1978; Miller and Ross, PsycholExpand


Social anxiety, self-presentation, and the self-serving bias in causal attribution.
Two experiments were conducted to provide evidence concerning the contribution of self-presentation concerns to the self-serving bias in causal attribution and its occasional, but systematic, reversal and it was found that both high- and low-social-anxiety participants portrayed the causes of their behavior in a more modest fashion when they responded via the "bogus pipeline". Expand
Causality Orientations and the Disappearance of the Self-Serving Bias
Abstract Theoretical work (Deci & Ryan, 1987) has implicated causality orientations as potential moderators of defensive attributions. The present study examined whether autonomy and controlExpand
Self‐serving biases: The role of perspective‐taking
This research explores the role of perspective taking in self-serving biases. Assisted by a confederate, 80 subjects performed an impression-formation task and were given either success or failureExpand
The self-serving attributional bias: Beyond self-presentation
Abstract An experiment was conducted to provide empirical support for the notion that asymmetrical causal attributions for favorable and unfavorable outcomes result from a self-serving attributionalExpand
Effect of General Self-Efficacy Expectancies on Performance Attributions
Self-efficacy is usually conceived of as specific to a situation; however, it has been proposed that self-efficacy across the individual's entire history of achievement experiences contributes to aExpand
On the confluence of self processes
Abstract There are currently a large number of models which identify self-evaluation (self-esteem) as an important source of motivation. However, these models often posit qualitatively differentExpand
When ego threats lead to self-regulation failure: negative consequences of high self-esteem.
The tendency for people with high self-esteem to make inflated assessments and predictions about themselves carries the risk of making commitments that exceed capabilities, thus leading to failure, and the danger of letting egotistical illusions interfere with self-regulation processes is indicated. Expand
Self‐Serving Attributions for Performance in Naturalistic Settings: A Meta‐Analytic Review1
The study of self-serving attributions in sports settings is fertile ground for testing the validity of self-serving attributional phenomena. This paper reports the results of a meta-analytic reviewExpand
The self-serving bias in relational context.
This article examined the impact of relationship closeness on the self-serving bias (SSB). Members of relationally distant dyads working on interdependen t-outcomes tasks manifested the SSB: TheyExpand
Self-Presentation, Self-Monitoring, and the Self-Serving Bias in Causal Attribution
Research has shown that individuals' causal attributions are affected by the degree of public scrutiny of their behavior (Bradley, 1978). An experiment was conducted to test a self-presentationalExpand