Self-Tanning Lotions

  title={Self-Tanning Lotions},
  author={Zoe Diana Draelos},
  journal={American Journal of Clinical Dermatology},
  • Z. Draelos
  • Published 2002
  • Medicine
  • American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Self-tanning creams utilize dihydroxyacetone (DHA) as an active agent, to produce a temporary staining of the skin. DHA is a 3-carbon sugar that interacts with the protein-rich stratum corneum to produce melanoidins, which are brown chromophores. Lower concentrations of DHA produce lighter skin-staining, while higher concentrations produce darker skin-staining, resulting in the simulation of a tan for persons of all skin types. DHA is well tolerated, for both internal ingestion and topical… 
Dihydroxyacetone and Methods to Improve its Performance as Artificial Tanner
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Contact dermatitis caused by sunless tanning treatment with dihydroxyacetone in hairless descendants of Mexican hairless dogs
The results revealed that the skin coloring generated by frequent wide treatments with DHAT caused severe contact dermatitis which was associated with the damaged stratum corneum.
A narrative review of the potential for self‐tanning products to substitute for solaria use among people seeking a tanned appearance
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The latest on skin photoprotection.
This review summarizes current topics in the development of sunscreens, with special emphasis on substances of natural origin bearing photoscreening, antioxidant, or repairing properties, and the characterization of different parameters to evaluate the effects of sunscreen protection factor.
Dihydroksyaceton - charakterystyka, zastosowanie, otrzymywanie
Dihydroxyacetone (DHA) is ketotriose with reducing properties. It is used mainly in food industry (a sweetener, a dietary supplement, emulsifier, plasticizer), cosmetics (the active ingredient in
The Effect of Sunless Tanning on Behavior in the Sun: A Pilot Study
Physicians should advocate the use of sunless tanning to patients who use traditional UVL tanning beds as a means of decreasing their UVL exposure and cancer risk.
Perceived Risk of Sunless Tanning Product Use and Its Relationship to Body Satisfaction
The goal of this study is to explore consumer risk-perceptions and body satisfaction in relation to sunless tanning product consumption. Sunless tanning products provide the public with an
Study on the Use of Microbial Cellulose as a Biocarrier for 1,3-Dihydroxy-2-Propanone and Its Potential Application in Industry
MC patches containing DHA can be biocarriers enabling DHA transport into the stratum corneum and causing skin color changes, indicating a new possibility for industrial applications of MC; e.g., as a bioccarrier in masking the symptoms of vitiligo or production of self-tanning agents in the form of masks.
Topical Medications in Vitiligo
In children with vitiligo, potent topical corticosteroid is the drug of choice. However, atrophy is a common side effect which should be kept in mind. Topical pimecrolimus or tacrolimus may be
Current Trends in Photoprotection - A New Generation of Oral Photoprotectors
This review provides an overview of important concepts and trends in photoprotection from two points of view: the physical blockade of UV photons by topical sunscreens and topical compounds with antioxidant properties that thereby protect of the consequences of UV-mediated photooxidation.


Dihydroxyacetone: A Suntan-Simulating Agent
DHA is very soluble in cold water, ether, alcohol, and acetone; it is quite stable under normal storage, and Oral intake of large quantities of the drug is well tolerated in man.
Reaction of dihydroxyacetone (DHA) with human skin callus and amino compounds.
The present studies were undertaken to investigate the chemical mechanism responsible for the “tanning” phenomenon and to demonstrate the ability of DHA to stain human skin.
Staining of Skin with Dihydroxyacetone
The reaction of skin with dihydroxyacetone to produce a brown "artificial tan" appears to proceed through combination with free amino groups in skin proteins, and particularly by combination of
Formulating effective self-tanners with DHA
We review the research involving DHA (dihydroxyacetone) in cosmetics and discuss the author's recent studies