Self-Selection Among Undocumented Immigrants from Mexico

  title={Self-Selection Among Undocumented Immigrants from Mexico},
  author={Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny},
  journal={Labor: Human Capital},
This paper examines the effect of changes in migration determinants on the skill level of undocumented Mexican immigrants. We focus on the effect of changes in economic conditions, migrant networks, and border enforcement on the educational attainment of men who cross the border illegally. Results from hazard models using data from the Mexican Migration Project indicate that migrants are not negatively selected with regard to education. However, improvements in U.S. and Mexican economic… 

Mexican Immigration and Self-Selection: New Evidence from the 2000 Mexican Census

We use data from the 2000 Mexican Census to examine how the education and socioeconomic status of Mexican immigrants to the United States compares to that of non-migrants in Mexico. Our primary

Undocumented Immigrants and the Welfare State: The Case of Regional Migration and U.S. Agricultural Labor

type="main"> A common perception is that immigrants, including illegal immigrants, use disproportionate public aid and select locations based on characteristics of services offered. This paper asks

Self-Selection and International Migration: New Evidence from Mexico

Abstract This paper examines the selection of Mexican migrants to the United States using novel data with rich premigration characteristics that include permanent migrants, return migrants, and

Return Decisions of Undocumented Migrants: Do Network Effects Help the High-Skilled Overstay?

This paper analyses the return plans of irregular migrants by stressing the role of individual skills and network effects. We propose a simple two-period life-cycle model that we test using

Gains from Legality: Parents Immigration Status and Children's Scholastic Achievement

In order to shed light on the intergenerational consequences of immigration legislation, this paper investigates the impact of the largest amnesty program in the U.S. history (IRCA) on scholastic

Migration Pressures and Immigration Policies: New Evidence on the Selection of Migrants

This paper aims to better understand emigration pressures in migrant sending countries by looking at the determinants of the propensity to migrate at the individual level. The analysis is based on


In this dissertation I study different aspects of the Mexican migration to the United States. First, I introduce one of the most complete sources of information of Mexican migrants in the United

U.S. Border Enforcement and Mexican Immigrant Location Choice

Estimates imply that if border enforcement had not changed from 1994 to 2011, the shares of Mexican immigrants locating in California and Texas would each be 8 percentage points greater, with all other states’ shares lower or unchanged.

Immigrant Selection in the OECD

In this paper, we examine the determinants of educational selectivity in immigration using immigrant stock data for 70 source countries and 21 OECD destination countries, as observed in the year

The deterrence effect of immigration enforcement in transit countries: Evidence from Central American deportees

Immigration enforcement cooperation between final destination and transit countries has increased in the last decades. However, the question whether these measures are successful in deterring



Undocumented Mexico—U.S. Migration and the Returns to Households in Rural Mexico

This paper presents estimates of net income gains to a sample of households in rural Mexico from sending migrants illegally to the United States, correcting for sample selectivity bias, and it

Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected?

One of the standard propositions in the migration literature is that migrants tend to be favorably `self-selected for labor-market success. That is economic migrants are described as tending on

Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration

This article uses 1990 census data to study the effects of immigrant inflows on occupation‐specific labor market outcomes. I find that intercity mobility rates of natives and earlier immigrants are

International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States

In this paper, we use data from the Mexico and U.S. population censuses to examine who migrates from Mexico to the United States and how the skills and economic performance of these individuals

The earnings of Mexican immigrants in the United States.

  • G. Borjas
  • Economics
    Journal of development economics
  • 1996

Skill Differences and the Effect of Immigrants on the Wages of Natives

This paper examines the effects of changes in the supply of immigrant labor on the wages of natives. Estimates are presented indicating that immigrants and natives are nearly perfect substitutes

Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border

This paper examines the determinants of illegal immigration in the United States from Mexico from 1976 to 1995. The main challenge in the empirical work is that the observations are not the number of

Current trends and patterns of female migration: evidence from Mexico

This study uses a new source of data to assess trends and patterns of female migration from Mexico. Data were collected from migrants interviewed in ten Mexican communities from 1987 through 1990, as

The settlement process among Mexican migrants to the United States.

This report examines the process of integration and settlement among Mexican migrants to the United States using data specially collected from four Mexican sending communities. These data indicate

How much do immigration and trade affect labor market outcomes?

The factor proportions approach is used to examine the contributions of immigration and trade to recent changes in U.S. educational wage differentials and attempt to provide a broader assessment of the impact of immigration on the incomes of U.s. natives.