Self-Perceptions of speech language pathologists-in-training before and after pseudostuttering experiences on the telephone

  title={Self-Perceptions of speech language pathologists-in-training before and after pseudostuttering experiences on the telephone},
  author={Manish K. Rami and Joseph Kalinowski and Andrew Stuart and Michael P. Rastatter},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation},
  pages={491 - 496}
Purpose : This survey investigated the effect of 'pseudostuttering' experiences on self-perceptions of 29 female, graduate students enrolled in a graduate seminar in stuttering while in a programme of study to become professional speech language pathologists. Method : Perceptions of self prior to, and immediately after, participation in five scripted telephone calls that contained pseudostuttering were measured via a 25-item semantic differential scale. Results : Participants perceived… 
Students' Perceptions of Face-To-Face Pseudostuttering Experience
  • P. Lohman
  • Linguistics, Psychology
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 2008
Assigning students to simulate stuttering in public and participate in a follow-up discussion is an effective evidence-based teaching practice.
Emotional and physiological responses of fluent listeners while watching the speech of adults who stutter.
Clinicians who treat stuttering should be aware that listeners show involuntary physiological responses to moderate-severe stuttering that probably remain salient over time and contribute to the evolution of negative stereotypes of people who stutter.
The relationship between salivary cortisol levels and self-perception of anxiety in adults who stutter across various speaking situations
Adults who stutter (AWS) are reported to have increased levels of anxiety compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS), particularly in social interactions (Kraaimaat, Vanryckeyham, & Dan-Baggen,
Ethical and Clinical Implications of Pseudostuttering
Purpose: Pseudostuttering is a form of disability simulation that often id used in fluency disorders courses to create empathy for people who stutter. The purpose of this study was to examine the
Stuttering: To disclose or not to disclose
The present study was an examination of the relationship between and among disclosure of stuttering at three time points, social desirability bias, memory recall, and ratings of persons who stutter
The Client's Perspective on Voluntary Stuttering.
A client perceives significantly greater affective, behavioral, and cognitive benefits from voluntary stuttering when the production is closely matched to the client's actual stutter and when it is used outside the clinical environment.
Turn-Taking Behaviors during Interaction with Adults-Who-Stutter
Stuttering is a disorder that affects not only the speaker, but also the conversational partner (CP). This study was designed to examine whether people communicate differently with adults-who-stutter
Psychophysiological responses of adults who do not stutter while listening to stuttering.
Culture and listeners' gaze responses to stuttering.
All groups of listeners responded to stuttering with gaze aversions mainly contributed to by a reduction in gaze fixation duration rather than gaze fixation number, which suggests that stuttering oppresses listeners with an emotional and/or cognitive overload.


The attribution of personality traits: the stutterer and nonstutterer.
Results revealed no difference in personality trait assignment as a function of experimental variables, however, in a second experiment two groups of college students rated a hypothetical normal speaker and hypothetical stutterer as significantly different in personality attributes.
Stigma of a Disorder
An understanding of the evaluative climate in which the speech handicapped person lives is essential for effective therapy with that person. Several previous studies have shown that both children and
Effects of pseudostuttering on normal speakers' self-ratings of beauty.
  • H. Klinger
  • Linguistics, Psychology
    Journal of communication disorders
  • 1987
Speech clinicians' attribution of personality traits as a function of stuttering severity.
Clinicians' preconceptions of persons who stutter are evaluated to demonstrate that stutterers are generally considered to be a homogenous group and stereotypically assign negative personality traits to all levels of stuttering severity relative to normal.
Stereotype formation by inference: a possible explanation for the "stutterer" stereotype.
The results imply that the stereotype of the stuttering personality, although mainly negative, may be derived not from motivational factors, but from judgments made under uncertainty.
Attempting to ameliorate student therapists' negative stereotype of the stutterer.
  • M. Leahy
  • Linguistics, Psychology
    European journal of disorders of communication : the journal of the College of Speech and Language Therapists, London
  • 1994
Knowledge of alternative meanings of stuttering, different models of therapy and theories of change, as well as experimenting with personal change, were effective to a limited degree in changing the direction of negative attitudes.
Effect of altered auditory feedback on people who stutter during scripted telephone conversations.
The proportion of stuttering events per scripted telephone conversations were significantly reduced in the AAF conditions relative to the non-altered auditory feedback condition, and stuttering frequency was reduced for the FAF and DAF.