Self-Perception and Identity in Contemporary Turkey

  title={Self-Perception and Identity in Contemporary Turkey},
  author={David S. Kushner},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={219 - 233}
  • D. Kushner
  • Published 1 April 1997
  • History
  • Journal of Contemporary History
The process of westernization which Turkey has undergone in the last 150-200 years has entailed far-reaching changes in collective as well as individual self-perception. This in turn has had to do with the emergence among the Turks of a European-inspired nationalist movement, based on a newly conceived separate ethnic (or racial) entity. Ottoman Turks, at least members of the educated elite, had two main foci of loyalty and identity during most of their recorded history.1 One was Islam, the… 
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