Self-Paced Cycling Improves Cognition on Institutionalized Older Adults Without Known Cognitive Impairment: A 15-Month Randomized Controlled Trial.

  title={Self-Paced Cycling Improves Cognition on Institutionalized Older Adults Without Known Cognitive Impairment: A 15-Month Randomized Controlled Trial.},
  author={Silvia Varela and Jos{\'e} Maria Cancela and Manuel Seijo-Mart{\'i}nez and Carlos Ay{\'a}n},
  journal={Journal of aging and physical activity},
  volume={26 4},
This study aimed at identifying the effects of self-paced cycling on the cognitive and functional status and fall risk on institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment. A total of 39 individuals were randomly assigned to an exercise group or to a control group. The exercise group participants cycled at their self-selected intensity at least for 15 min daily during 15 months. The control group participants performed recreational activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Fuld… 
Effects of a 12-Week Cycling Intervention on Successful Aging Measures in Mid-Aged Adults
This finding indicates that an intervention that incorporates the training and competition aspects of sport may promote positive outcomes that are above and beyond those that can be gained from participation in recreational physical activity.
Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Mental Health in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
The present study indicates that low-frequency, long-term and regular aerobic exercise is more effective for older adults, and recommends that older adults to exercise at a low frequency depending on their physical condition.
Re-thinking reablement strategies for older adults in residential aged care: a scoping review
There has been a research surge investigating reablement strategies in residential aged care with wide variability in the types and features of strategies and outcome measures, and few studies have measured acceptability, or cost effectiveness.
Physical and Motor Fitness Tests for Older Adults Living in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review
This systematic review aimed to identify the physical/motor fitness tests for nursing home residents and to examine their psychometric properties. Electronic databases were searched for articles
Association between physical activity, physical fitness and stress with bone mineral density of elderly: a narrative review
The level of moderate physical activity improves physical fitness and increases BMD, while high levels of cortisol contribute to decreased BMD.
Environmental Risk Factors for Early-Onset Alzheimer’s Dementia and Frontotemporal Dementia: A Case-Control Study in Northern Italy
A role of environmental and behavioral risk factors such as some chemical exposures and professional sports in EOD etiology, in particular with reference to FTD is suggested, and sports practice may be associated with a reduced EOD risk.
An overview of cycling as active transportation and as benefit for health.
The available evidences of cycling as an active transportation are reviewed to consider its benefits on health and to investigate if active commuting may be the right answer to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic health.


Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial.
In this study of adults with subjective memory impairment, a 6-month program of physical activity provided a modest improvement in cognition over an 18-month follow-up period.
Effects of multicomponent exercise on cognitive function in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial
This study indicates that exercise improves or supports, at least partly, cognitive performance in older adults with aMCI.
The effect of an interactive cycling training on cognitive functioning in older adults with mild dementia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
This study aims to investigate the efficacy of a combined cognitive-aerobic training and a single aerobic training compared to an active control group in older adults with mild dementia, and find a beneficial effect on executive functioning in both training regimes.
High- and low-intensity exercise do not improve cognitive function after stroke: A randomized controlled trial.
It was found that 6 months of high or low intensity exercise was not effective in improving cognitive function, specifically executive functions, following stroke.
Dose-Response of Aerobic Exercise on Cognition: A Community-Based, Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Cognitive benefits were apparent at low doses with possible increased benefits in visuospatial function at higher doses but only in those who adhered to the exercise protocol, and an individual's cardiorespiratory fitness response was a better predictor of cognitive gains than exercise dose and thus maximizing an individual’s cardiorespiratory fitness may be an important therapeutic target for achieving cognitive benefits.
Moderate-to-High Intensity Physical Exercise in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Exercise reduced neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with mild AD, with possible additional benefits of preserved cognition in a subgroup of patients exercising with high attendance and intensity.
Effects of two different intensities of aerobic exercise on elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized pilot study
Objective: To evaluate the effect of different intensities of aerobic exercise on elderly people with mild cognitive impairment. Design: A randomized trial. Setting: Residential care homes for
Relationships Between Performance on Assessments of Executive Function and Fall Risk Screening Measures in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
A significant relationship exists between performance on clinical assessments of EF and fall risk assessments that integrate a mobility task for those individuals who screen positive for MCI, and this information could be used clinically to identify older adults with cognitive limitations, which could put them at higher risk for falling.