Self-Organization Phenomena in Pedestrian Crowds

@inproceedings{Helbing1998SelfOrganizationPI,
  title={Self-Organization Phenomena in Pedestrian Crowds},
  author={Dirk Helbing and P. Moln{\'a}r},
  year={1998}
}
Pedestrian crowds can very realistically be simulated with a social force model which describes the different influences affecting individual pedestrian motion by a few simple force terms. The model is able to reproduce the emergence of several empirically observed collective patterns of motion. These self-organization phenomena can be utilized for new flow optimization methods which are indispensable for skilful town- and traffic-planning. 

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