Self-Evaluated Self-Esteem, Peer-Evaluated Self-Esteem, and Defensive Egotism as Predictors of Adolescents’ Participation in Bullying Situations

@article{Salmivalli1999SelfEvaluatedSP,
  title={Self-Evaluated Self-Esteem, Peer-Evaluated Self-Esteem, and Defensive Egotism as Predictors of Adolescents’ Participation in Bullying Situations},
  author={Christina Salmivalli and Ari Kaukiainen and Leena Kaistaniemi and Kirsti M. J. Lagerspetz},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1999},
  volume={25},
  pages={1268 - 1278}
}
Three dimensions of self-esteem (SE) (self-evaluated, peer-evaluated, defensive egotism) were related to each other and to adolescents’ social behavior. In addition to exploring links between single variables, five SE profiles were formed by means of a cluster analysis and connected to adolescents’ behavior in situations of bullying. Self-and peer-evaluated SEs were significantly correlated, whereas defensive egotism was not connected to either self-or peer-evaluated SE. Adolescents’ SE… 

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