Self-Employment and Immigrants' Incorporation: The Case of Turks in Germany

  title={Self-Employment and Immigrants' Incorporation: The Case of Turks in Germany},
  author={Antoine P{\'e}coud},
  journal={Immigrants \& Minorities},
  pages={247 - 261}
  • A. Pécoud
  • Published 1 July 2003
  • Sociology
  • Immigrants & Minorities
This essay discusses the impact of self-employment on immigrants' incorporation in the host society. It focuses on empirical material coming from Turkish migrants' business activities in Germany. After introducing the main features of contemporary German-Turkish entrepreneurship, the essay presents its socio-economic and cultural consequences for the Turkish minority. Relying on the numerous debates that can be found in the literature, it argues that this impact is ambivalent. In some cases… Expand
From Refugee to Entrepreneur? Challenges to Refugee Self-reliance in Berlin, Germany
The years following the so-called ‘refugee crisis’ of 2015 saw unprecedented efforts to promote the social and economic inclusion of refugees and asylum seekers. Entrepreneurship has been praisedExpand
Being an entrepreneur: emergence and structuring of two immigrant entrepreneur groups
The paper aims to analyse the mechanisms whereby immigrant entrepreneurship emerges and develops. In this connection, we argue that studies of immigrant entrepreneurship can benefit from deeperExpand
From Father to Son: 1.5- and Second-Generation Korean Argentines and Ethnic Entrepreneurship in the Argentine Garment Industry
Unlike second-generation Koreans in the USA or other developed countries, who generally rejected the small-business preferences of their parents, pursued professional careers and achievedExpand
Immigrant Entrepreneurship and Economic Adaptation: A Critical Analysis
Objective: The main goal of the article is to discuss the theoretical relationship between immigrant entrepreneurship and immigrant’s economic adaptation. Research Design & Methods: The paper reviewsExpand
Migrants, Minorities and Employment: Exclusion and discrimination in the 27 Member States of the European Union. Update 2003 – 2008
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) Schwarzenbergplatz 11 1040 Wien Austria Tel.: +43 (0) 1 580 30 0 Fax: +43 (0) 1 580 30 691 Email: fra.europa.euExpand
Immigration in the EU: An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Immigration on the German Labor Market
This paper analyzes the impact of immigration on Germany’s labor market in the context of the recent 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements. In order to measure the effect of immigration supply shocks onExpand
Integration Trajectories: A Mixed Method Approach
In contrast to the Austrian discourse on integration in the 1970s and 1980s, when socially marginalised strata of the domestic population were at the centre of attention, in the 1990s the focus ofExpand
Contextualizing entrepreneurial identity amongst Syrian refugees in Jordan: the emergence of a destabilized habitus?
This paper aims to contextualise the entrepreneurial identity of Syrian refugees living outside refugee camps in Jordan. The research adopts a social lens to consider the situation Syrians findExpand
An Overview of Diversity Policies in the Public and Private Sector That Seek to Increase the Representation of Migrants and Ethnic Minorities in the Workplace: The Case of Germany
This chapter is partially based on an unpublished Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) background report, titled ‘OECD Research Project on Diversity in the Workplace: CountryExpand
Muslim Residential Clustering and Political Radicalism
Through a review of the academic literature and the popular press there is considerable support for the concerns of politicians about Muslim segregation in European cities. First, the levels ofExpand


‘Weltoffenheit schafft Jobs’: Turkish entrepreneurship and multiculturalism in Berlin
This article investigates the connections between multiculturalism, unemployment and self-employment in the case of Berlin's Turkish economy. It first describes five trends that are currently shapingExpand
A 'guiding culture' for immigrants? Integration and diversity in Germany
The Christian Democratic Union's (CDU's) recent proposal for a national 'guiding culture' as the basis for immigrant integration has aroused considerable controversy in Germany. This paper examinesExpand
A Look at the ‘Hidden Side’: Turkish Women in Berlin’s Ethnic Labour Market
Recent studies show that ethnic economies are an increasingly vital part of the larger national economy. This is especially true in the case of the Turkish ethnic economy in Germany. This articleExpand
Selbständigkeit von Immigranten in Deutschland : Ausgrenzung oder Weg der Integration?
In Germany, as in several other European countries, the number of self-employed immigrants has steadily increased throughout the past years, which might be interpreted as an indicator of theExpand
Immigrant Enclaves: An Analysis of the Labor Market Experiences of Cubans in Miami
Data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market. Classic theories of assimilationExpand
Immigrant Entrepreneurship and the Institutional Context: A Theoretical Exploration
The entrepreneurial resurgence that started in the United States in the early 1970s was not recognised immediately. Buried in the annual avalanche of statistics, both this resurgence and theExpand
From School to Work: Public Policy and Underclass Formation among Young Turks in Germany during the 1980s
This article analyzes the entry of young Turkish immigrants into German labor markets during the 1980s. In comparative perspective, Germany shows a high degree of public responsibility for jobExpand
Ethnic economies and social policy
The basis of ethnic groups' economic status remains among the enduring controversies in both popular and social scientific discussions of inequality. While this debate commonly opposes culturalExpand
Workers of Migrant Origin in Germany: Forms of Discrimination in the Labour Market and at the Workplace
The first section of this chapter explains what is meant by the term ‘workers of migrant origin’. The second section gives an overview of the situation of migrant workers in the labour market and theExpand
Pluralism and the politics of difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective
1. Plural Societies 2. Pluralism and the Patrimonial State: Pre-Colonial Africa 3. Pragmatism against Morality: Ethnicity in the Aztec Empire 4. Pluralism in a Patrimonial Bureaucracy: The OttomanExpand