Self-Confidence Trumps Knowledge: A Cross-Cultural Study of Security Behavior

  title={Self-Confidence Trumps Knowledge: A Cross-Cultural Study of Security Behavior},
  author={Yukiko Sawaya and Mahmood Sharif and Nicolas Christin and Ayumu Kubota and Akihiro Nakarai and Akira Yamada},
Computer security tools usually provide universal solutions without taking user characteristics (origin, income level, ...) into account. In this paper, we test the validity of using such universal security defenses, with a particular focus on culture. We apply the previously proposed Security Behavior Intentions Scale (SeBIS) to 3,500 participants from seven countries. We first translate the scale into seven languages while preserving its reliability and structure validity. We then build a… CONTINUE READING


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