Self-Compassion Increases Self-Improvement Motivation

  title={Self-Compassion Increases Self-Improvement Motivation},
  author={Juliana G. Breines and Serena Chen},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1133 - 1143}
Can treating oneself with compassion after making a mistake increase self-improvement motivation? In four experiments, the authors examined the hypothesis that self-compassion motivates people to improve personal weaknesses, moral transgressions, and test performance. Participants in a self-compassion condition, compared to a self-esteem control condition and either no intervention or a positive distraction control condition, expressed greater incremental beliefs about a personal weakness… 

Tables from this paper

Self-compassion and attention: self-compassion facilitates disengagement from negative stimuli
ABSTRACT Self-compassion is a healthy way of relating to the self, and helps to mitigate negative emotions during difficult experiences. Through four studies, we explored the influence of induced
Self-compassion, empathy, and helping intentions
The trait of self-compassion has three components: (1) kindness toward oneself when facing pain or failure; (2) perceiving one’s experiences as part of a larger human experience rather than feeling
Self-compassion and verbal performance: Evidence for threat-buffering and implicit self-related thoughts
ABSTRACT Threats to self-esteem can impair well-being directly, e.g., via negative affect, but also indirectly, by impacting performance in valued domains. The present study examined whether
Beliefs About Self-Compassion: Implications for Coping and Self-Improvement
The more people held negative beliefs about self-Compassion, the less self-compassionately they reported responding to a real-world event and hypothetical emotional challenges, and the importance of reducing such beliefs that are barriers to practicing self- Compassion, as a means to improve the way people respond to difficult times is highlighted.
When Life Gives You Lemons, Make Lemonade: Self-Compassion Increases Adaptive Beliefs About Failure
Two studies were conducted to examine how self-compassion relates to beliefs about failure. Study 1 (N = 252) showed that, after controlling for self-esteem, trait self-compassion correlated
Self-Compassion Promotes Personal Improvement From Regret Experiences via Acceptance
The results suggest that self-compassion spurs positive adjustment in the face of regrets and is distinct from self-esteem and were not explained by adaptive emotional responses.
Presenting a Self-Compassionate Image After an Interpersonal Transgression
Two studies investigate the presentation of self-compassion following an interpersonal transgression. In study 1 (N = 228), participants imagined letting someone down. Self-compassionate participants
Applying self-compassion in sport: an intervention with women athletes.
The findings demonstrate the effectiveness of the self-compassion intervention in managing self-criticism, rumination, and concern over mistakes in varsity women athletes dealing with negative events in sport.


Self-compassion, Achievement Goals, and Coping with Academic Failure
Two studies examined the relationship between self-compassion, academic achievement goals, and coping with perceived academic failure among undergraduates. Self-compassion entails being kind to
Self-Compassion: An Alternative Conceptualization of a Healthy Attitude Toward Oneself
This article defines and examines the construct of self-compassion. Self-compassion entails three main components: (a) self-kindness—being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of pain
Self-compassion and relationship maintenance: the moderating roles of conscientiousness and gender.
T theoretical descriptions of the implications of self-promoting thoughts for relationships may be most complete to the extent that they consider the presence versus absence of other sources of the motivation to correct interpersonal mistakes.
The Role of Self-compassion in Women's Self-determined Motives to Exercise and Exercise-related Outcomes
Self-compassion is emerging in the literature as a healthy conceptualization of the self (Neff, 2003a). This study explored how self-compassion is related to, and explains unique variance beyond
Self-compassion versus global self-esteem: two different ways of relating to oneself.
It was found that self-compassion predicted more stable feelings of self-worth than self-esteem and was less contingent on particular outcomes as well as being statistically equivalent predictors of happiness, optimism, and positive affect.
Who benefits from training in self-compassionate self-regulation? A study of smoking reduction.
Self-compassion has been found to promote well-being but research has yet to examine whether training in self-compassion improves self-regulation (Gilbert, 2005, 2009; Neff, 2003). The present study
Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly.
It is suggested that self-compassion attenuates people's reactions to negative events in ways that are distinct from and, in some cases, more beneficial than self-esteem.
The relationship between self-compassion, self-efficacy, and control belief about learning in Turkish university students
In the present study, aims were (1) to determine gender differences in self-compassion, self-efficacy, and control belief for learning and (2) to examine the relationships between self-compassion,