Self-Awareness and Constructive Functioning: Revisiting “the Human Dilemma”

  title={Self-Awareness and Constructive Functioning: Revisiting “the Human Dilemma”},
  author={Paul J. Silvia and Maureen E O'Brien},
  journal={Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology},
  • P. Silvia, M. O'Brien
  • Published 1 August 2004
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Self-awareness-the capacity to focus attention on oneself, and thus to self-evaluate-has a bad reputation in social-clinical psychology because of its ties to negative affect, depression, suicide, and dysfunction. Using Rollo May's (1967) analysis of "the human dilemma," we outline self-awareness's beneficial contributions to psychological functioning. Without self-awareness, people could not take the perspectives of others, exercise self-control, produce creative accomplishments, or experience… 
In Search for the Adaptive Self: A Model of Adaptive Self-Concept
A descriptive social-cognitive model of the adaptive self-concept (ASC) which integrates knowledge concerning the relationship between two aspects of the self—self-awareness and self-knowledge—and optimal functioning is presented.
A psychotherapy researcher's perspective on therapist self-awareness and self-focused attention after a decade of research
Abstract In this Early Career Award paper, the interplay between quantitative and qualitative approaches to self-awareness in the psychotherapy literature is described. In addition, the linkages
A psychotherapy researcher's perspective on therapist self-awareness and self-focused attention after a decade of research.
  • E. N. Williams
  • Psychology
    Psychotherapy research : journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
  • 2008
The interplay between quantitative and qualitative approaches to self-awareness in the psychotherapy literature is described, and suggestions for future research in the areas of mindfulness, attentional flexibility, and the person of the therapist are provided.
Excessive Self-Focused Attention and Defensiveness among Psychiatric Patients: A Vicious Cycle?
The contribution of defensive coping to the phenomenon of excessive self-focused attention was studied in 20 depressed or anxious psychiatric outpatients comprising the negative affect group, 20
A Neurocognitive and Socioecological Model of Self-Awareness
  • A. Morin
  • Psychology
    Genetic, social, and general psychology monographs
  • 2004
The author presents a model ofSelf-awareness that proposes the existence of 3 sources of self-information and establishes various links among these different neurological, social, ecological, and cognitive elements of the model.
Defining Self-Awareness in the Context of Adult Development: A Systematic Literature Review
Self-awareness is often seen as a critical component in leadership and career success, and has therefore become a feature in MBAs, leadership development, and management education. It has become a
In Dialogue: How Writing to the Dead and the Living Can Increase Self-Awareness in Those Bereaved by Addiction.
This study found that participants were able to increase their self-awareness through writing to the dead, the living and themselves, and this suggests that writing may be a uniquely beneficial therapeutic intervention for those experiencing disenfranchised grief as a result of bereavement by addiction.
Effects of Self-Awareness and Sense of Belonging on Teachers' Professionalism
The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between self-awareness and a sense of belonging to teachers' professionalism. The study strategy used is a quantitative correlation


Effect of Private Self-Awareness on Negative Affect and Self-Referent Attribution: A Quantitative Review
A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effect of private self-awareness on negative affect and attributions of responsibility to the self. Results of studies manipulating self-awareness using
Self-regulatory perseveration and the depressive self-focusing style: a self-awareness theory of reactive depression.
This article proposes that depression occurs after the loss of an important source of self-worth when an individual becomes stuck in a self-regulatory cycle in which no responses to reduce the discrepancy between actual and desired states are available.
On Introspection and Self-Perception: Does Self-Focused Attention Enable Accurate Self-Knowledge?
How is introspection related to accurate self-perception? Self-focused attention is said to facilitate accurate judgments of cognitive aspects (attitudes, standards, and attributions) and somatic
Objective self-awareness as a nonaversive state: Effect of anticipating discrepancy reduction
The possibility that self-aware subjects in previous objective sell-awareness studies displayed heightened negative affect and avoidance reactions because they were made to focus on permanent
Intrinsic motivation and the effects of self-consciousness, self-awareness, and ego-involvement: An investigation of internally controlling styles
This study explored the relationships among dispositional self-consciousness, situationally induced-states of self-awareness, ego-involvement, and intrinsic motivation Cognitive evaluation theory, as
Private self-consciousness and the five-factor model of personality: distinguishing rumination from reflection.
Results suggest that the PrSC scale confounds two unrelated, motivationally distinct dispositions--rumination and reflection--and that this confounding may account for the "self-absorption paradox" implicit in PrSC research findings: Higher PrSC scores are associated with more accurate and extensive self-knowledge yet higher levels of psychological distress.
Objective Self-Awareness Theory: Recent Progress and Enduring Problems
Objective self-awareness theory has undergone fundamental changes in the 3 decades since Duval and Wicklund's (1972) original formulation. We review new evidence that bears on the basic tenets of the
Depression and self-focused attention
Recent research on self-focused attention has indicated effects that parallel several cognitive and affective phenomena associated with depression. Specifically, discrepancies between perceived real
Self-Awareness and the Regulation of Emotional Intensity
People often regulate their feelings by striving for particular emotional states. The self-regulation of emotions should be influenced by self-awareness, which is a primary instigator of