Self-Actualization and Personal Autonomy

  title={Self-Actualization and Personal Autonomy},
  author={John Walter Bordages},
  journal={Psychological Reports},
  pages={1263 - 1266}
Self-actualizing individuals, according to Maslow (1954), are hypothesized to operate autonomously of external expectations due to their undistorted perceptions of their own realistic abilities. Scores on the Personal Orientation Inventory, a measure of self-actualization, were used to divide subjects into high, medium, or low self-actualizing categories. Subjects were given a Logical Reasoning Ability Test over three treatment conditions: high, low, and no expectations with regard to… 

The Joyful Life: An Existential-Humanistic Approach to Positive Psychology in the Time of a Pandemic

The descriptions of a Joyful Life were consistent with a meaning orientation to happiness, due to their emphasis on the cultivation of virtue in the service of a higher calling, the realization of which was felt to be a gift or blessing.

Psychometric Measures of Boredom: A Review of the Literature

A review of the psychometric measures on boredom that have been developed over the past 25 years was examined, focusing on the Boredom Proneness Scale because it is the only full-scale measure on the construct of boredom.

On the relationship between multiple intelligences and self-actualization among Iranian EFL learners

The present study aimed at taking steps to draw language instructors to new educational approaches in foreign language learning context in which the learners’ potentials concerning target language

Auditors’ self-actualization and ability to resist client pressure: Evidence from Canada



An Inventory for the Measurement of Self-Actualization

IN recent years, Maslow (1954, 1962) has developed the idea of the self-actualizing person-a person who is more fully functioning and lives a more enriched life than does the average person. Rogers’

Differences among Campus Groups on a Measure of Self-Actualization

To investigate differences in self-actualization among campus groups the Personal Orientation Inventory was administered to 192 Ss and Group 1 scored significantly higher than Group 5 on Factor III (tentatively identified as a measure of self-concept).

Field-Independence and Self-Actualization

  • J. Doyle
  • Psychology
    Psychological reports
  • 1975
The results indicated 9 of 12 scales correlated significantly with the field-independent perceptual style, and rs were of small magnitude.

Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.

  • J. Rotter
  • Psychology
    Psychological monographs
  • 1966
This report summarizes several experiments which define group differences in behavior when Ss perceive reinforcement as contingent on their behavior versus chance or experimenter control.

A locus of control scale for noncollege as well as college adults.

Summary In an effort to overcome some of the shortcomings of existent locus of control scales, the authors developed a new adult scale suitable for use on Ss with as little as fifth grade reading

Self-actualization and perceived locus of control: a comparison of relationships based on separate locus of control measures.

  • L. Hjelle
  • Psychology
    The Journal of genetic psychology
  • 1976

Self-report personality measurement and conformity behavior.

Interrelationships amon measures of field dependence, ability, and personality traits

  • Journal of Abnormal andgsocia1
  • 1961