Self‐Diffusion of Sodium in Sodium Chloride and Sodium Bromide

  title={Self‐Diffusion of Sodium in Sodium Chloride and Sodium Bromide},
  author={Dillon Mapother and Horatio N. Crooks and Robert J. Maurer},
The self‐diffusion coefficient of sodium in sodium chloride and sodium bromide has been measured as a function of temperature. A comparison of the self‐diffusion coefficient with the electrolytic conductivity reveals that the Einstein relation is satisfied at high but not at low temperatures. The temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient may be explained by the Schottky‐Wagner vacancy theory if the presence of impurity ions is taken into account. A possible explanation for the failure… CONTINUE READING