Selenomodification of tRNA in archaea requires a bipartite rhodanese enzyme.

5-Methylaminomethyl-2-selenouridine (mnm(5)Se(2)U) is found in the first position of the anticodon in certain tRNAs from bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. This selenonucleoside is formed in Escherichia coli from the corresponding thionucleoside mnm(5)S(2)U by the monomeric enzyme YbbB. This nucleoside is present in the tRNA of Methanococcales, yet the… CONTINUE READING