Selective spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. IV: population pharmacodynamic modelling.

Abstract

PURPOSE To apply a population pharmacodynamic model to small-dose hypobaric spinal anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. METHODS The level of spinal analgesia after spinal blockade with small-dose (20-25 mg) hypobaric lidocaine was assessed by means of pinprick in patients undergoing outpatient laparoscopy. In 57 patients, 385 measurements were available… (More)

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