Selective roles of retinoic acid receptor and retinoid x receptor in the suppression of apoptosis by all-trans-retinoic acid.


Retinoic acids exert profound effects on many biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis. We previously reported that all-trans-retinoic acid (t-RA) protected mesangial cells from H(2)O(2)-triggered apoptosis by suppressing the activator protein 1 (AP-1) pathway. It was via inhibition of c-fos and c-jun expression… (More)