Selective oxidation of complex, water-insoluble biomass to formic acid using additives as reaction accelerators

  title={Selective oxidation of complex, water-insoluble biomass to formic acid using additives as reaction accelerators},
  author={Jakob Albert and Ren{\'e} W{\"o}lfel and Andreas B{\"o}smann and Peter Wasserscheid},
  journal={Energy and Environmental Science},
The oxidation of complex, water-insoluble biomass to formic acid is reported using a Keggin-type polyoxometalate (H5PV2Mo10O40) as the homogeneous catalyst, oxygen as the oxidant, water as the solvent and p-toluenesulfonic acid as the best additive. The reaction proceeds at 90 °C and 30 bar O2 and transforms feedstock like wood, waste paper, or even cyanobacteria to formic acid and CO2 as the sole products. The reaction obtains up to 53% yield in formic acid for xylan as the feedstock within 24… 

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