Selective mutism and temperament: the silence and behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar

@article{Gensthaler2016SelectiveMA,
  title={Selective mutism and temperament: the silence and behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar},
  author={Angelika Gensthaler and Sally Khalaf and Marc Ligges and Michael Kaess and Christine M. Freitag and Christina Schwenck},
  journal={European Child \& Adolescent Psychiatry},
  year={2016},
  volume={25},
  pages={1113-1120}
}
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is a suspected precursor of selective mutism. However, investigations on early behavioral inhibition of children with selective mutism are lacking. Children aged 3–18 with lifetime selective mutism (n = 109), social phobia (n = 61), internalizing behavior (n = 46) and healthy controls (n = 118) were assessed using the parent-rated Retrospective Infant Behavioral Inhibition (RIBI) questionnaire. Analyses showed that children with lifetime selective mutism and social… 
Distinguishing selective mutism and social anxiety in children: a multi-method study
TLDR
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The Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Data from typically developing children and children with selective mutism
TLDR
The main aim of this study was to present data from TDs over time with previously reported data from children treated for SM, as a comparison, and support the use of the SMQ/SSQ to assess baseline SM severity and to evaluate potential treatment effects in future studies.
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DSM-5 classifies Selective Mutism (SM) among anxiety disorders, and a majority of children with SM comply with symptomatology of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). It is still discussed whether SM
Symptoms of Selective Mutism in Non-clinical 3- to 6-Year-Old Children: Relations With Social Anxiety, Autistic Features, and Behavioral Inhibition
TLDR
It can be concluded that while the involvement of social anxiety is unambiguous in SM, autism-related problems are also implicated and behavioral inhibition seems to play a key role in the non-speaking behavior of non-clinical young children.
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Background Children with selective mutism (SM) are consistently unable to speak in certain social situations. Due to an overlap between SM and social anxiety disorder (SAD) in children, similar
Communicative, cognitive and emotional issues in selective mutism
Selective mutism (SM) is a developmental disorder characterized by a child’s inability to speak in certain contexts and/or in the presence of unfamiliar interlocutors. This work proposes a
Behavioral Inhibition in Childhood: European Portuguese Adaptation of an Observational Measure (Lab-TAB)
TLDR
Evidence is provided that Lab-TAB is a reliable instrument and can be incorporated in a multi-method approach to assess behavioral inhibition in studies involving Portuguese-speaking children and mothers’ characteristics seem to significantly affect differences between measures.
Anxiety in Children with Selective Mutism: A Meta-analysis
TLDR
The finding that SM is often diagnosed in combination with anxiety disorders, indicates that these disorders are not discrete, separable categories and does not help to elucidate the relation between SM and anxiety as an etiological mechanism or symptomatic feature.
Fears and fear-related cognitions in children with selective mutism
TLDR
Social fears and the fear of mistakes account for the majority of fears in SM, and future interventions should consider specifically targeting these types of fears.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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