Selective enrichment of bacterial pathogens by microplastic biofilm.

  title={Selective enrichment of bacterial pathogens by microplastic biofilm.},
  author={Xiaojian Wu and Jie Pan and Meng Li and Yao Li and Mark Bartlam and Yingying Wang},
  journal={Water research},

Figures from this paper

Comparative Analysis of Selective Bacterial Colonization by Polyethylene and Polyethylene Terephthalate Microplastics

In this study, we report the biodiversity and functional characteristics of microplastic-attached biofilms originating from two freshwater bacterial communities. Even though the microplastic-biofilm

Microplastics provide new microbial niches in aquatic environments

More knowledge is required on the microbial community composition of microplastic biofilms and their ecological functions in order to better evaluate consequences for the environment and animal health, including humans, especially since the worldwide abundance ofmicroplastics is predicted to dramatically increase.



Distinct community structure and microbial functions of biofilms colonizing microplastics.

Evidence for selective bacterial community structuring on microplastics

Variation in the community structure, but not the cell abundance, across the treatments was strongly linked to the substrate hydrophobicity, suggesting microplastics host distinct bacterial communities, at least during early successional stages.

Microplastics alter composition of fungal communities in aquatic ecosystems

Considering the worldwide increasing accumulation of plastic particles, especially these fungal taxa might benefit from MP pollution in the aquatic environment with yet unknown impacts on their worldwide distribution, as well as biodiversity and food web dynamics at large, this study explored the diversity and community composition of fungi attached to microplastic particles incubated in different aquatic systems in north-east Germany.

Life in the "plastisphere": microbial communities on plastic marine debris.

Pits visualized in the PMD surface conformed to bacterial shapes suggesting active hydrolysis of the hydrocarbon polymer, implying that plastic serves as a novel ecological habitat in the open ocean.

Colonization of Polystyrene Microparticles by Vibrio crassostreae: Light and Electron Microscopic Investigation.

Results suggest that V. crassostreae may be a secondary colonizer of micro-PS, requiring a multispecies community to form a durable adhesion phenotype, and temporal assessment of microbial colonization on microplastics at sea using imaging and omics approaches are indicated to better understand the microplastic colonization dynamics and species assemblages.

Bacteria in the Leaf Ecosystem with Emphasis onPseudomonas syringae—a Pathogen, Ice Nucleus, and Epiphyte

This review focuses on the bacterial component of leaf microbial communities, with emphasis on P. syringae—a species that participates in leaf ecosystems as a pathogen, ice nucleus, and epiphyte, to illustrate the attractiveness and somewhat unique opportunities provided by leaf ecosystems for addressing fundamental questions of microbial population dynamics and mechanisms of plant-bacterium interactions.

Spatial and seasonal variation in diversity and structure of microbial biofilms on marine plastics in Northern European waters.

Investigation of how the structure and diversity of marine plastisphere microbial community vary with respect to season, location and plastic substrate type reveals that the composition of plASTisphere microbial communities in marine waters varies with season, geographical location and Plastic substrate type.

Biofilms in drinking water and their role as reservoir for pathogens.

The Shared Antibiotic Resistome of Soil Bacteria and Human Pathogens

Multidrug-resistant soil bacteria containing resistance cassettes against five classes of antibiotics are described that have perfect nucleotide identity to genes from diverse human pathogens, offering not only evidence of lateral exchange but also a mechanism by which antibiotic resistance disseminates.