Simultaneous UPLC-MS/MS assay for the detection of the traditional antipsychotics haloperidol, fluphenazine, perphenazine, and thiothixene in serum and plasma.
Surface ionization organic mass spectrometry (SIOMS) has been performed on the clinically important drug haloperidol using quadrupole mass spectrometry in which the thermal ion source has a rhenium oxide emitter. The surface ionization (SI) mass spectrum is presented, interpreted in a purely empirical way by means of evidence from previous investigations, and then compared to results from conventional electron impact (EI) ionization. An approach to detection of this drug in serum by gas chromatography (GC) with a surface ionization detector (SID) and GC-SIOMS is described. This approach demonstrates that (a) haloperidol is efficiently surface-ionized, giving a unique SI mass spectrum, (b) experimental results rationalize the combined sensitivity and selectivity of the GC-SID for the examined drug, (c) the detection limit for haloperidol in serum is 1.1 ng/ml (S/N = 3) by GC-SID (the coefficients of variation of the assay are generally low, i.e., below 8.5%) and (d) the GC-SIOMS coupling can be used for sensitive and selective detection of haloperidol in serum.