Selective Use of News Cues: A Multiple-Motive Perspective on Information Selection in Social Media Environments

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of message and social cues on selective exposure to political information in a social media environment. Based on the heuristic-systematic model, we hypothesized that readers’ selective consideration of specific cues can be explained by situational motivations. In an experiment (N= 137), subjects primed with motivational goals (accuracy, defense, or impression motivations, as well as a control group) were asked to search for information. Participants preferred attitude-consistent information and balanced information over attitude-inconsistent information, and also preferred highly recommended articles. Defense-motivated partisans exhibited a stronger confirmation bias, whereas impressionmotivation amplified the effects of social recommendations.These findings specify the conditions under which individuals engage in narrow, open-minded, or social patterns of information selection.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Winter2016SelectiveUO, title={Selective Use of News Cues: A Multiple-Motive Perspective on Information Selection in Social Media Environments}, author={Stephan Winter and Miriam J. Metzger and Andrew J. Flanagin}, year={2016} }