Opportunities and challenges in the development of Cutaneotrichosporon oleaginosus ATCC 20509 as a new cell factory for custom tailored microbial oils
A search was carried out for mutants, defective in the conversion of stearic acid to oleic acid in effort to improve the quality of lipids produced by Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC, 20509. Mutants were selected as unsaturated fatty acid (Ufa) auxotrophs. After treatment of parent organism with Ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), 11 oleate-requiring auxotrophs were isolated. Only 3 of them were real unsaturated fatty acid (Ufa) mutants, while the other 8 were designated as fatty acid synthetase (Fas) mutants. The amount of saturated fatty acid (SFA) was about 65.2 % in the lipids extracted from an Ufa mutant named UfaM3 and it was significantly higher than that of the wild-type (WT) (46.6 %) and similar to that of cocoa butter (60.4 %).