# Selection and Covariance

@article{Price1970SelectionAC, title={Selection and Covariance}, author={George R. Price}, journal={Nature}, year={1970}, volume={227}, pages={520-521} }

THIS is a preliminary communication describing applications to genetical selection of a new mathematical treatment of selection in general.

## 1,655 Citations

A general population genetic theory for the evolution of developmental interactions

- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- 2002

The development of most phenotypic traits involves complex interactions between many underlying factors, both genetic and environmental, and a set of mathematical relationships are derived that describe how selection acts to change the distribution of genetic variation.

Extension of the Hardy‐Weinberg Law to assortative mating

- PsychologyAnnals of human genetics
- 1971

A relation is given between the degree of assortative mating in parents, which is measured by a weighted covariance, and the degree of departure from Hardy‐Weinberg conditions in offspring.

Additive polygenic formulation of Hamilton's model of kin selection1

- BiologyHeredity
- 1982

Hamilton's condition for the evolution of altruism by kin selection is rederived on an additive polygenic model using intraclass correlation and it is shown that the mean inclusive fitness is non-decreasing.

Bacterial cooperation controlled by mobile elements: kin selection and infectivity are part of the same process

- MedicineHeredity
- 2011

Bacterial cooperation controlled by mobile elements: kin selection and infectivity are part of the same process and should be considered as two separate processes.

Partitioning of covariance as a method for studying kin selection.

- BiologyTrends in ecology & evolution
- 1990

Identification of the factors that lead to dispersal and inbreeding

- Physics
- 2010

This paper presents a simulation process and scheduling (population life history) and design concepts for a modeling of population dispersal of binomial sex ratios and their effects on dispersal costs.

Selfish‐Gene Theory and Levels of Selection

- BiologyThe International Encyclopedia of Anthropology
- 2018

A distinction between a Special Theory of Evolution, embodied by selfish gene theory and inclusive fitness theory, and a General Theory of evolution is introduced, which incorporates both classic group selection and more modern models of multi-level selection.

Extension of covariance selection mathematics

- MathematicsAnnals of human genetics
- 1972

The mathematics given here applies not only to genetical selection but to selection in general, intended mainly for use in deriving general relations and constructing theories, and to clarify understanding of selection phenomena, rather than for numerical calculation.