Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease

@article{Ezzati2002SelectedMR,
  title={Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease},
  author={Majid Ezzati and Alan D. Lopez and Anthony Rodgers and Stephen vander Hoorn and Christopher J. L. Murray},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2002},
  volume={360},
  pages={1347-1360}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Distribution of Major Health Risks: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study

Many major global risks are widely spread in a population, rather than restricted to a minority, and population-based strategies that seek to shift the whole distribution of risk factors often have the potential to produce substantial reductions in disease burden.

Comparative quantification of health risks: Conceptual framework and methodological issues

The conceptual and methodological issues for quantifying the population health effects of individual or groups of risk factors in various levels of causality using knowledge from different scientific disciplines are discussed.

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Four Selected Environmental Risk Factors in South Africa

The public health impact of exposure to environmental risks and the significant burden of preventable disease attributable to exposure to these four major environmental risk factors in South Africa are highlighted.

Chapter 1 – Burden: Mortality, Morbidity and Risk Factors Burden: Mortality, Morbidity and Risk Factors Mortality

  • Medicine
This chapter provides the latest estimates on the number, rates and causes of global deaths from NCDs and the prevalence of the most important related risk factors and presents maps showing the global distribution of NCD-related mortality and selected risk factors.

The evolution of the Global Burden of Disease framework for disease, injury and risk factor quantification: developing the evidence base for national, regional and global public health action

  • Alan D. Lopez
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Globalization and health
  • 2005
National applications, further methodological research and an increase in data availability have led to improved national, regional and global estimates for 2000, but substantial uncertainty around the disease burden caused by major conditions, including, HIV, remains.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES

Global burden of disease and injury due to occupational factors.

Estimates of absolute morbidity and mortality due to occupational factors for the world using all available published data as of 1994 are regarded as very conservative estimates which can nevertheless provide a basis for health priority planning at global level.

On the comparable quantification of health risks: lessons from the Global Burden of Disease Study.

It is recommended that future assessments should focus on avoidable and attributable burden based on the plausible minimum risk counterfactual distribution of exposure, and four types of distributions of exposure that could be used as thecounterfactual distributions are identified.

National burden of disease in India from indoor air pollution.

  • K. R. Smith
  • Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2000
Conservative estimates indicate that some 400-550 thousand premature deaths can be attributed annually to use of biomass fuels in adult women and young children in India, placing indoor air pollution as a major risk factor in the country.

The relation between funding by the National Institutes of Health and the burden of disease.

A cross-sectional study comparing estimates of disease-specific funding in 1996 with data on six measures of the burden of disease found that the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, breast cancer, diabetes mellitus, and dementia all received relatively generous funding, regardless of which measure was used as the basis for calculating support.

How much global ill health is attributable to environmental factors?

The estimate is that 25-33% of the global burden of disease can be attributed to environmental risk factors, and children under 5 years of age seem to bear the largest environmental burden, and the portion of disease due to environmental risks seems to decrease with economic development.

Smoking vs other risk factors as the cause of smoking-attributable deaths: confounding in the courtroom.

This study suggests that federal estimates of deaths caused by smoking are not substantially altered by adjustment for behavioral and demographic factors associated with smoking beyond the current adjustment for age and sex.

Actual causes of death in the United States.

The most prominent contributors to mortality in the United States in 1990 were tobacco, diet and activity patterns, alcohol, microbial agents, toxic agents, firearms, sexual behavior, motor vehicles, and illicit use of drugs.

Alcohol and coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis.

The degree of protection from moderate doses of alcohol should be reconsidered and the effect of drinking patterns on the risk of coronary heart disease should be performed, and caution is needed in making general recommendations.

Mortality from tobacco in developed countries: are indirect estimates reliable?

  • P. Lee
  • Medicine
    Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP
  • 1996
The various assumptions on which the derivation of smoking-attributed deaths depends are described and discussed and it is shown that they are unlikely to hold in practice.
...