Segmented Assimilation, Local Context and Determinants of Drug Violence in Miami and San Diego: Does Ethnicity and Immigration Matter? 1

@article{Martnez2004SegmentedAL,
  title={Segmented Assimilation, Local Context and Determinants of Drug Violence in Miami and San Diego: Does Ethnicity and Immigration Matter? 1},
  author={Ramiro Jaimes Mart{\'i}nez and Matthew T. Lee and Amie L. Nielsen},
  journal={International Migration Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={38},
  pages={131 - 157}
}
Does the ethnic and immigrant composition of a community and existence of immigrant enclaves or barrios influence community level drug violence? This study explores the relationship between these and other factors in Miami and San Diego census tracts. We employ data about the distribution of Cubans, Central Americans, Haitians, Mexicans and Southeast Asians, controlling for social and economic influences of drug versus non-drug violence. We also analyze the impact of various waves of… 

Tables from this paper

Immigration, Ethnicity, and Neighborhood Violence: Considering Both Concentration and Diversity Effects

Immigrant ethnicity remains a largely understudied aspect of the immigration–crime nexus. Instead, most research to date relies on a single measure of immigrant concentration—most commonly the

Re-examining the relationship between Latino immigration and racial/ethnic violence.

A Dynamic Approach to Understanding Immigration, Ethnicity and Violent Crime in Chicago Communities

Once again, politically-driven events in the United States have brought the relationship between immigration and crime to the forefront in public, political, and academic discourses. Yet, despite

INTEGRATING RACE, PLACE AND MOTIVE IN SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY: LESSONS FROM A COMPARISON OF BLACK AND LATINO HOMICIDE TYPES IN TWO IMMIGRANT DESTINATION CITIES*

In this paper, we examine and compare the impact of social disorganization, including recent immigration, and other predictors on community counts of black and Latino motive-specific homicides in

Revitalized or Disorganized? Unpacking the Immigration-Crime Link in a Multiethnic Setting

Objective: To date, much of what we know about the immigration–crime link is based on the United States setting. Yet, contextual features unique to the United States may produce distinct outcomes for

The Role of Immigration: Race/Ethnicity and San Diego Homicides Since 1970

ObjectivesThe temporal variation in homicide is examined by studying trends in race/ethnic specific killings (e.g. Blacks, Latinos and Whites). Two substantively important issues are also addressed—a

Neighborhood Immigration, Violence, and City-Level Immigrant Political Opportunities

Using a multilevel comparative framework, we propose that politically receptive city contexts facilitate the viability of marginalized neighborhoods. To illustrate this proposition, we examine the

IMMIGRATION AND CRIME IN AN ERA OF TRANSFORMATION: A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF HOMICIDES IN SAN DIEGO NEIGHBORHOODS, 1980-2000

Emerging research associated with the “immigration revitalization” perspective suggests that immigration has been labeled inaccurately as a cause of crime in contemporary society. In fact, crime
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES

Does Immigration Increase Homicide? Negative Evidence From Three Border Cities

Understanding the complex relationship between immigration and crime was once a core concern of American sociology. Yet the extensive post-1965 wave of immigration to the United States has done

Immigrant Enclaves and Ethnic Communities in New York and Los Angeles

The predominant post-1965 immigrant groups have established distinctive settlement areas in many American cities and suburbs. These areas are generally understood in terms of an immigrant enclave

The Role of Drug Markets and Gangs in Local Homicide Rates

The presence of ongoing enterprises, sustained by a purpose and life beyond those of the current participants, distinguishes drug- and gang-related homicides. Without these enterprises that are

Immigration and the social contract: the implosion of Western societies.

This book contains a selection of articles on aspects of current immigration to the United States. The focus of the collection is on the question of whether the United States can continue as a viable

A Tale of Three Cities: Labor Markets and Homicide

Abstract This paper investigates the relationship between labor stratification and crime. Using data from the census tracts of Cleveland, Washington, DC, and Seattle, the analysis compares homicide

The Influence of Crack Cocaine on Robbery, Burglary, and Homicide Rates: A Cross-City, Longitudinal Analysis

After tracking one another closely for decades, the U.S. robbery rate increased and the burglary rate declined in the late 1980s. The authors investigate the impact of crack on this divergence using

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Inner-city black America is often defined by random, senseless street violence. In fact, although violence is a salient feature, its use is far from random; it is regulated through an informal but

Facilitating Violence: A Comparison of Gang-Motivated, Gang-Affiliated, and Nongang Youth Homicides

It is well established that gangs facilitate violent offending by members,but the mechanisms by which that facilitation occurs remain unclear. Gangsmay promote violence indirectly by facilitating

The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and its Variants

Post-1965 immigration to the United States has given rise to a vigorous literature focused on adult newcomers. There is, however, a growing new second generation whose prospects of adaptation cannot

Havana USA: Cuban Exiles and Cuban Americans in South Florida, 1959-1994

In the years since Fidel Castro came to power, the migration of close to one million Cubans to the United States continues to remain one of the most fascinating, unusual, and controversial movements