Seeing shapes in seemingly random spatial patterns: Fractal analysis of Rorschach inkblots

  title={Seeing shapes in seemingly random spatial patterns: Fractal analysis of Rorschach inkblots},
  author={R. P. Taylor and T. P. Martin and Rick D. Montgomery and Jonas Heide Smith and Adam P. Micolich and Cooper R. Boydston and B. C. Scannell and M. S. Fairbanks and Branka Spehar},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Rorschach inkblots have had a striking impact on the worlds of art and science because of the remarkable variety of associations with recognizable and namable objects they induce. Originally adopted as a projective psychological tool to probe mental health, psychologists and artists have more recently interpreted the variety of induced images simply as a signature of the observers’ creativity. Here we analyze the relationship between the spatial scaling parameters of the inkblot patterns and… Expand
The Implications of Fractal Fluency for Biophilic Architecture
It is described how people can navigate easily through environments featuring mid-range fractals, which can be exploited by incorporating these natural patterns into buildings, representing a highly practical example of biophilic design. Expand
Judged Beauty of Fractal Symmetries
Fractals are patterns that show self-similarity at different levels of scale. Typically they appear in nature and this degree of similarity is approximate or statistical. However, artificial or exactExpand
Aesthetics and Psychological Effects of Fractal Based Design
This set of studies demonstrates that fractal preference is driven by a balance between increased arousal and decreased tension and can serve as a practical implementation of biophilic patterns in human-made environments to promote occupant wellbeing. Expand
The Sinai Light Show: Using Science to Tune Fractal Aesthetics
Nature’s beauty is profound. To better understand the source of this beauty, here we will focus on the aesthetic impact of fractals. Fractals are patterns that repeat at increasingly fine size scalesExpand
Fractals in architecture: The visual interest, preference, and mood response to projected fractal light patterns in interior spaces
The results suggest that fractal light patterns of medium to medium-high complexity (quantified by the fractal dimension D = 1.5–1.7) were significantly more visually interesting than other patterns and viewing distance did not significantly influence visual interest or visual preference. Expand
The Potential of Biophilic Fractal Designs to Promote Health and Performance: A Review of Experiments and Applications
This work discusses fractal fluency and demonstrates how it enhances the observer’s visual capabilities by focusing on experiments that have important practical consequences for improving the built environment. Expand
Relaxing Floors: Fractal Fluency in the Built Environment.
This year's cover artists are members of a newly formed team of designers and scientists known as the Science and Design Laboratory, along with flooring manufacturing experts from the Mohawk Group.Expand
Reimagining 21st Century Educational Connectivity through Fractal Imagery
  • Jennifer L. Penland
  • Geography
  • International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education
  • 2019
Higher education institutions are facing increasing demands for providing alternative technology-based teacher preparation programs that would more closely service the needs of the everchanging 21Expand
Fractal secrets of Rorschach's famed ink blots revealed
The simplicity of the stains' repeating patterns is key to why we see so many images in them.
Fractal solar panels: Optimizing aesthetic and electrical performances
It is shown that the new hybrid electrode matches the electrical performance of bus-bars in terms of light transmission and minimizing electrical power losses, while benefiting from the superior aesthetics of fractal patterns. Expand


Universal aesthetic of fractals
It is shown that humans display a consistent aesthetic preference across fractal images, regardless of whether these images are generated by nature's processes, by mathematics, or by the human hand. Expand
We applied the methodology presented in references to study the possible fractal structure of ink-blots of Rorschach, a projective test of personality that may give information about the emotionalExpand
Biophilic fractals and the visual journey of organic screen-savers.
Fractal aesthetics and Draves's remarkable images are discussed and the opportunity for readers of this journal to have some visual fun is raised. Expand
Fractals in art and nature: why do we like them?
Fractals have experienced considerable success in quantifying the visual complexity exhibited by many natural patterns, and continue to capture the imagination of scientists and artists alike.Expand
The perception of natural contour.
The perceptual protocols that underlie discrimination between fractals and between other types of random contour and fractals are examined and it is proposed that this disposition be understood as a principle of perceptual organization. Expand
Perceptual and Physiological Responses to Jackson Pollock's Fractals
A review of 10 years of scientific investigation of human response to fractals that examines the inter-relationship between the various results and discusses the artistic implications of the positive perceptual and physiological responses to fractal patterns. Expand
A Complex Story: Universal Preference vs. Individual Differences Shaping Aesthetic Response to Fractals Patterns
This article supports the established theory that the mid-range fractal patterns appear to be a universal construct underlying preference but also highlights the fragility of universal claims by demonstrating individual differences in preference for the interrelated concept of visual complexity. Expand
Is the Geometry of Nature Fractal?
Ofer BihamDaniel LidarOfer Malcai After fractals were first described in the 1970s, experimental researchers embraced them as a way to describe complex structures in nature. But is the worldExpand
Aesthetic Responses to Exact Fractals Driven by Physical Complexity
It is found that preference ratings for exact midpoint displacement fractals can be described by a linear trend with preference increasing as fractal dimension increases, and a set of four factors that influence complexity and preference judgments in fractals that may extend to other patterns are proposed. Expand
Beauty and the beholder: the role of visual sensitivity in visual preference
Broadly speaking, the results support assertions that there is a close relationship between aesthetic experience and the sensory coding of natural stimuli. Expand