Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

  title={Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed},
  author={James C. Scott},
In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when they impose schematic visions that do violence to complex interdependencies that are not -- and cannot be -- fully understood. Further the success of designs for social organization depends on the recognition that local, practical knowledge is as important as formal, epistemic knowledge. The author… 

The Ideology of Failed States: Why Intervention Fails

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Introduction: hearing like a state

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