Seed Chemistry of Sophora chrysophylla (Mamane) in Relation to Diet of Specialist Avian Seed Predator Loxioides bailleui (Palila) in Hawaii

@article{Banko2004SeedCO,
  title={Seed Chemistry of Sophora chrysophylla (Mamane) in Relation to Diet of Specialist Avian Seed Predator Loxioides bailleui (Palila) in Hawaii},
  author={Paul C. Banko and Martin Cipollini and G{\'e}rard Breton and Eric Paulk and Michael Wink and Ido Izhaki},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={28},
  pages={1393-1410}
}
This study describes the chemical ecology of a tritrophic interaction among species endemic to the island of Hawaii, USA: a tree (Sophora chrysophylla: mamane), an endangered bird (Loxioides bailleui; palila), and moth larvae (Cydia spp. [] Key Result Our data show that mamane embryos contain high amounts of potentially toxic alkaloids, but are well balanced nutritionally and contain lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, and minerals at levels that are likely to be sufficient for maintenance and…
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