See the Ball, Hit the Ball

  title={See the Ball, Hit the Ball},
  author={Jessica K. Witt and Dennis R. Proffitt},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={937 - 938}
Baseball players frequently say that the ball appears bigger when they are hitting well. In describing a mammoth 565-ft home run, Mickey Mantle said, ‘‘I never really could explain it. I just saw the ball as big as a grapefruit’’ (Early, n.d.). George Scott of the Boston Red Sox said, ‘‘When you’re hitting the ball [well], it comes at you looking like a grapefruit. When you’re not, it looks like a blackeyed pea’’ (Baseball Almanac, n.d.). During a slump, Joe ‘‘Ducky’’ Medwick of the St. Louis… 

Figures from this paper

Get Me Out of This Slump! Visual Illusions Improve Sports Performance

An experiment tested whether manipulating what athletes see can influence their subsequent performance by misperceiving a target as bigger, and whether a perceptually bigger target could enhance performance.

Close, and a Cigar!—Why Size Perception Relates to Performance

Data is re-analysed from a dart throwing experiment to examine the proposal that the variability in target-related performance may serve as a scaling metric for perceived target size, providing initial support for Proffitt and Linkenauger's proposal.

Perceiving affordances in sports through a momentum lens.

Being selective at the plate: processing dependence between perceptual variables relates to hitting goals and performance.

  • R. Gray
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2013
Attentional accentuation of goal-relevant targets underlies action-related changes in perception and are consistent with an action selection role for these effects.

Red Sox versus Yankees: Sports Team Rivalry, Sports Symbols, and Distance Performance

Abstract Building on the literature on psychological distance and visual illusion, the authors examine whether visual exposure to sports team symbols affect distance performance, depending on whether

An archer's perceived form scales the "hitableness" of archery targets.

This work used an archery context to examine the judgment-success relationship with varied target sizes in the absence of explicit knowledge of results, and found that greater apparent size correlated with higher accuracy.

Kicking to bigger uprights: field goal kicking performance influences perceived size.

Evidence that the perceived height and width of an American-football field goal post relates to the perceiver's kicking performance is presented and it is demonstrated that performance is a factor in size perception.

Kicking to Bigger Uprights: Field Goal Kicking Performance Influences Perceived Size

Perception relates not only to the optical information from the environment but also to the perceiver's performance on a given task. We present evidence that the perceived height and width of an

Awareness Is Not a Necessary Characteristic of a Perceptual Effect

  • J. Witt
  • Philosophy, Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2015
It is argued that awareness is not a necessary condition for an effect to be perceptual, as evidenced by a lack of awareness in the case of a classic visual illusion.

How “Paternalistic” Is Spatial Perception? Why Wearing a Heavy Backpack Doesn’t—and Couldn’t—Make Hills Look Steeper

  • C. Firestone
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2013
After characterizing and motivating the case for paternalistic vision, this work exposes several unexplored defects in its theoretical framework, arguing that extant accounts of how and why spatial perception is ability-sensitive are deeply problematic and that perceptual phenomenology belies the view’s claims.



Perceiving geographical slant

It is proposed that the perceived exaggeration of geographical slant preserves the relationship between distal inclination and people’s behavioral potential, thereby enhancing sensitivity to the small inclines that must actually be traversed in everyday experience.

Observing and engaging in purposeful actions with objects influences estimates of their size

The hypothesis that in vivo size estimation of familiar objects may employ a mechanism that derives size from memory and that size memory can be distorted by the way an object was used is supported.

Visual-motor recalibration in geographical slant perception.

  • M. BhallaD. Proffitt
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 1999
Recalibration of the transformation relating awareness and actions was found to occur over long-term changes in physiological potential (fitness level, age, and health) but not with transitory changes (fatigue and load).

Tool use affects perceived distance, but only when you intend to use it.

Three experiments suggest that the authors perceive the environment in terms of the authors' intentions and abilities to act within it, and suggest that reachability serves as a metric for perception.

The Role of Effort in Perceiving Distance

The present studies show that perceived egocentric distance increases when people are encumbered by wearing a heavy backpack or have completed a visual-motor adaptation that reduces the anticipated optic flow coinciding with walking effort.

The green machine.

A compressor’s energy efficiency and noise levels largely depend on their design and operation, as well as on the suction muffler (suction side) and shock–loop system (discharge side), which are used to attenuate noise.

An Alternative to Null-Hypothesis Significance Tests

  • P. Killeen
  • Computer Science
    Psychological science
  • 2005
The statistic P rep estimates the probability of replicating an effect, and provides all of the information now used in evaluating research, while avoiding many of the pitfalls of traditional statistical inference.

Perceiving Distance: A Role of Effort and Intent

Perceiving egocentric distance is shown that, as the effort associated with walking increases, perceived distance increases if the perceiver intends to walk the extent, but not if the perception intends to throw.

The flash from Web site: html Early, L. (n.d.). Mickey quotes

  • The flash from Web site: html Early, L. (n.d.). Mickey quotes
  • 2003

[George Scott baseball statistics

  • Baseball Almanac
  • 2004