Sedentary behaviour and health: mapping environmental and social contexts to underpin chronic disease prevention

  title={Sedentary behaviour and health: mapping environmental and social contexts to underpin chronic disease prevention},
  author={Neville Owen and Jo Salmon and Mohammad Javad Koohsari and Gavin Turrell and Billie Giles-Corti},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={174 - 177}
The time that children and adults spend sedentary–put simply, doing too much sitting as distinct from doing too little physical activity—has recently been proposed as a population-wide, ubiquitous influence on health outcomes. It has been argued that sedentary time is likely to be additional to the risks associated with insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. New evidence identifies relationships of too much sitting with overweight and obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular… 

Models for Understanding Sedentary Behaviour

With the recognition that prolonged periods of sitting can have adverse health consequences, a research priority is to build the requisite knowledge base for effective interventions—that is, what

Sedentary Behaviour Epidemiology

Sedentary behaviour epidemiology is the study of the distribution, determinants, and health consequences of sedentary behaviours in the population. It seeks to identify biological, psychosocial,

Managing Sedentary Behavior to Reduce the Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Recent observational and experimental evidence is discussed that makes a compelling case for reducing and breaking up prolonged sitting time in both the primary prevention and disease management contexts and the potential of population-wide initiatives designed to address too much sitting as a health risk is highlighted.

Sedentary Behavior and Public Health: Integrating the Evidence and Identifying Potential Solutions.

Improvements in device-based measurement that are providing new insights into sedentary behavior and health are described and the implications of research linking evidence from epidemiology and behavioral science with mechanistic insights into the underlying biology of sitting time are considered.

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour: applying lessons to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Suggestions for the measurement of these behaviours within the clinical setting are provided, as well as for interventions that may be effective at increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behaviour in this population of people with COPD are provided.

Sedentary Behaviour and Adiposity

Results suggest that prolonged time spent sedentary is positively associated with adiposity in children and adolescents, and the association may be partly explained by unhealthy eating behaviour associated with television viewing.

Physical health effects of sedentary behaviour on adults with an intellectual disability: A scoping review.

It is demonstrated that sedentary behaviour could be a contributor to the poor health which is common in adults with an intellectual disability, however to date the body of evidence does not confirm a cause-and-effect relationship.

Interventions outside the workplace for reducing sedentary behaviour in adults under 60 years of age.

Assessment of effects on sedentary time of non-occupational interventions for reducing sedentary behaviour in adults under 60 years of age finds that interventions outside the workplace probably have little or no difference on body mass index in the medium term and secondary outcomes are uncertain.

Using plantar pressure for free-living posture recognition and sedentary behaviour monitoring

A novel methodology for measuring daily life sedentary behaviour using plantar pressure data and a machine learning predictive model is developed and shows that the proposed machine learning classification model exhibits excel-lent recall rates and performs well against the de facto standard.

Reduced physical activity in young and older adults: metabolic and musculoskeletal implications

The effects of short-term physical inactivity (with step reduction) are reversible on resumption of habitual physical activity in younger people, but less so in older adults, and nutritional interventions and resistance training offer potential strategies to prevent these deleterious metabolic and musculoskeletal effects.



Physiological and health implications of a sedentary lifestyle.

An overview of this emerging area of research is given of the ways that it differs from traditional exercise physiology and how they differ from those linking physical activity and health.

Sedentary behaviors of adults in relation to neighborhood walkability and income.

  • Justine KozoJ. Sallis N. Owen
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2012
Neighborhood walkability was not related to total sedentary time but was related to two specific sedentary behaviors associated with risk for obesity-driving time and TV viewing time.

Sedentary behavior: emerging evidence for a new health risk.

Comparing epidemiologic evidence suggests that the metabolic and long-term health consequences of habitual sedentary behavior (too much sitting) are distinct from those associated with a lack of moderate-to-vigorous activity (too little exercise).

Letter to the editor: standardized use of the terms "sedentary" and "sedentary behaviours".

  • J. BarnesT. Behrens S. Woodruff
  • Medicine
    Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
  • 2012
This work proposes that journal editors adopt a consistent definition of the term sedentary and require that all manuscripts published within their journal adhere to this common terminology, and suggests that authors use the term “inactive” to describe those who are performing insufficient amounts of MVPA.