Securing personal freedom through institutions: the role of electoral democracy and judicial independence

  title={Securing personal freedom through institutions: the role of electoral democracy and judicial independence},
  author={Niclas Berggren and Jerg Gutmann},
  journal={European Journal of Law and Economics},
We investigate empirically how electoral democracy and judicial independence relate to personal freedom. While judicial independence is positively and robustly related to personal freedom in all its forms, electoral democracy displays a robust, positive relationship with only two out of seven types of personal freedom (freedom of association, assembly and civil society; freedom of expression and information). Interaction terms and more refined indicators of the political system reveal that… 

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