Secure Infant-Mother Attachment Buffers the Effect of Early-Life Stress on Age of Menarche

  title={Secure Infant-Mother Attachment Buffers the Effect of Early-Life Stress on Age of Menarche},
  author={So-Young Sung and Jeffry A. Simpson and Vladas Griskevicius and Sally I-Chun Kuo and Gabriel L. Schlomer and Jay Belsky},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={667 - 674}
Prior research indicates that being reared in stressful environments is associated with earlier onset of menarche in girls. In this research, we examined (a) whether these effects are driven by exposure to certain dimensions of stress (harshness or unpredictability) during the first 5 years of life and (b) whether the negative effects of stress on the timing of menarche are buffered by secure infant-mother attachment. Results revealed that (a) exposure to greater harshness (but not… 

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Timing of pubertal maturation in girls: an integrated life history approach.

  • B. Ellis
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2004
5 middle-level theories--energetics theory, stress-suppression theory, psychosocial acceleration theory, paternal investment theory, and child development theory--each of which applies the basic assumptions of life history theory to the question of environmental influences on timing of puberty in girls are reviewed.

Sex, attachment, and the development of reproductive strategies

It is argued that sex differences in attachment emerge in middle childhood, have adaptive significance in both children and adults, and are part of sex-specific life history strategies, thus contributing to a coherent evolutionary theory of human development.