Secular and multidecadal warmings in the North Atlantic and their relationships with major hurricane activity

@article{Enfield2009SecularAM,
  title={Secular and multidecadal warmings in the North Atlantic and their relationships with major hurricane activity},
  author={David B. Enfield and Luis R. Cid-Serrano},
  journal={International Journal of Climatology},
  year={2009},
  volume={30},
  pages={174-184}
}
Analysis of recent literature finds weaknesses in arguments to the effect that the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO)—roughly 50–90 year fluctuations in North Atlantic sea surface temperatures—is externally forced by anthropogenic aerosols and greenhouse gases rather than an internal climate mode, plus indications from other sources that the contrary may be true. We are led to the conclusion that the AMO is probably comprised of both natural and anthropogenic forcing in ways that preclude… 

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