Secrets and Lies: Involuntary Leakage in Deceptive Facial Expressions as a Function of Emotional Intensity

@article{Porter2012SecretsAL,
  title={Secrets and Lies: Involuntary Leakage in Deceptive Facial Expressions as a Function of Emotional Intensity},
  author={Stephen B. Porter and Leanne ten Brinke and Brendan Wallace},
  journal={Journal of Nonverbal Behavior},
  year={2012},
  volume={36},
  pages={23-37}
}
Darwin (1872) hypothesized that some facial muscle actions associated with emotion cannot be consciously inhibited, particularly when the to-be concealed emotion is strong. The present study investigated emotional “leakage” in deceptive facial expressions as a function of emotional intensity. Participants viewed low or high intensity disgusting, sad, frightening, and happy images, responding to each with a 5 s videotaped genuine or deceptive expression. Each 1/30 s frame of the 1,711… 

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