Secretion of functional salivary peptide by Streptococcus gordonii which inhibits fimbria-mediated adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis, a putative periodontopathogen, can bind to human salivary components with its fimbriae. We have previously shown that fimbriae specifically bind to a peptide domain shared by a major salivary component, i.e., proline-rich (glyco)proteins (PRPs). The synthetic domain peptide PRP-C (pPRP-C) significantly inhibits the fimbrial binding to PRPs. In this study, a recombinant strain of Streptococcus gordonii secreting pPRP-C was generated as a model of a possible approach to prevent the oral colonization by the pathogen. A duplicate DNA fragment (prpC) encoding pPRP-C was obtained by self-complementary annealing of synthetic oligonucleotides. prpC was connected downstream to a promoter and a gene encoding a signal peptide of Streptococcus downei glucosyltransferase I in frame. The linked fragments were inserted into the plasmid pMNK-4 derived from pVA838. The constructed plasmid was inserted to produce the transformant S. gordonii G9B, which then successfully secreted recombinant pPRP-C (r-pPRP-C) of the expected size. The concentrated bacterial culture supernatant containing r-pPRP-C inhibited the binding of P. gingivalis cells and fimbriae to PRP1 in a dose-dependent manner up to 72 and 77%, respectively. The r-pPRP-C concentrate also inhibited the coaggregation of P. gingivalis with various streptococcal strains as effectively as synthetic pPRP-C in a dose-dependent manner. Collectively, pPRP-C was found to be able to prevent P. gingivalis adherence to salivary receptor protein and plaque-forming bacteria. These results suggest that this recombination approach with a nonperiodontopathic bacterium may be suitable for the therapeutic prevention of P. gingivalis adherence to the oral cavity.

5 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Kataoka1999SecretionOF, title={Secretion of functional salivary peptide by Streptococcus gordonii which inhibits fimbria-mediated adhesion of Porphyromonas gingivalis.}, author={Keiko Kataoka and Atsuo Amano and S Kawabata and Hiroshi Nagata and Shigeyuki Hamada and Satoshi Shizukuishi}, journal={Infection and immunity}, year={1999}, volume={67 8}, pages={3780-5} }